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UA CJ 220 - CJ 220 Exam 2 Review

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CJ 220 LAW ENFORCEMENTEXAM TWO REVIEWChapter 5: Police Recruitment, Selection, and Training1. ______ is the process of creating a pool of qualified candidates from which to hire police officers.2. The goal of recruitment is to create a pool of applicants that includes the best and most diverseindividuals that would be well suited for a career in law enforcement and ______. 3. In order to emphasize the “selling points” of their department, it is critical that recruiters are aware of candidates’ ______.4. The three most commonly used recruitment methods utilized by police departments are newspaper advertisements, intranet advertisements, and ______.5. Personal contacts and referrals are a(n) ______ method of recruitment.6. Which of the following is a passive method of recruitment?7. Internet advertising is a(n) ______ method of recruitment.8. Some police departments hire college students as non-sworn personnel who serve as ______.9. ______ is a program for people ages 14–20 designed to provide insight, education, training, and hands-on activities that relate to careers in law enforcement.10. In 2013, the average base starting salary for local police officers was ______.11. ______ protections are in place to minimize political considerations in the job-related processand to ensure government employees are recruited, hired, and promoted based on job qualifications and merit and demoted or dismissed only for cause.12. Police officers may be fired, most easily, for ______.13. When officers can move from one department to another and retain their position and seniority, it is known as ______.14. Most departments use ______ as the basis for job assignments and shift preferences.15. The ______ made discriminatory employment practices more consequential for employers, as it empowered the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to investigate and litigate claims of violations of equal opportunity against employers, unions, and employment agencies.16. The ______ requires that employers reasonably accommodate the known physical or mental limitations of an otherwise qualified individual with a disability who is an applicant or employee,unless doing so would impose undue hardship on the operation of the employer’s business.17. While it is illegal to arbitrarily discriminate in hiring, there is no law that prevents employers from making decisions based on ______.18. ______ are intended to proactively recruit, hire, and promote women, minorities, disabled individuals, and other protected groups while correcting past discrimination.19. When women or people of color are hired or promoted based not on qualifications, but on race or sex, it is called ______.20. The minimum education requirement in most departments is ______. 21. A ______ is generally a disqualifying factor for employment as a police officer.22. About one half of all police agencies allow applicants with prior ______ use to be hired.23. With a(n) ______, a low score on an exam disqualifies an applicant from further consideration.24. In 2014, approximately ______ of sworn officers were women.25. Police department failure to hire qualified female candidates is a ______ issue. 26. In 2013, approximately ______ of police officers were members of a racial or ethnic minority.27. Police department’s failure to hire qualified minority candidates is a ______ issue.28. ______ consists of primarily classroom training on the skills of police work.29. The largest percentage of police academies are operated by ______.Chapter 6: Police Patrol1. ______ is the most common method of police patrol.2. A smaller patrol area within a larger command area is frequently called a ______.3. Calls for service are categorized based on ______.4. A(n) ______ is a computer that is mounted in a police vehicle that is connected wirelessly to the police department’s computer network and computer-aided dispatch system.5. A(n) ______ system is a computer system and database that tracks calls for service as they are received, monitors the status of patrol units, and can provide various reports relating to calls for service, the activities of officers, and the calls to which officers respond. 6. ______ offer(s) an abbreviated and standardized method of communication on police radios.Difficulty Level: Easy7. The ______ was created in 1968 and is the national emergency phone number.8. Handling calls for service by taking reports over the phone, over the Intranet, or via some method other than immediate response by a patrol car is called ______.9. When officers go from one call to the next for an entire shift, making it impossible for them to engage in any other productive activities, it is called ______.10. When officers respond to calls for service while on patrol, it is called ______.11. A crime where a victim or witness see the crime occurring is called a(n) ______.12. A crime that is only detected after it has occurred is called a(n) ______.13. The ______ found that increased preventative patrol had no impact on the amount of crime committed.14. Research shows that increased levels of preventive patrol results in ______.15. According to research conducted in Minneapolis, which season had the most calls for service?16. Which of the following crimes would most likely be eligible for a differential police response?17. Concentrating police presence in locations and times where crime is concentrated is called ______.18. Research suggests that the most effective way for police to reduce crime is through ______.19. When police advertise that they will be on the highways in greater numbers to detect and arrest drunk drivers, it is an example of ______.20. Police stops come in two forms:21. Research shows that citizens who experience more traffic stops are ______.22. Hot spot policing may lead to criticisms of ______.23. Generally speaking, officers prefer how many to a squad car ?24. The process of curtailing the increased police presence and enforcement activity at the end ofa police crackdown is called ______.25. When traffic stops are used as a crime reduction strategy, police stop vehicles for moving andequipment violations while ______.26. The level of proof needed to conduct a Terry stop is ______.27. In departments that are committed to ______, typically more officers are assigned to foot patrol, on an ongoing permanent basis, and in a wider geographic area.28. An officer ______ patrol would be able to more frequently and more easily initiate contact with


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