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Regional Demographics

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Regional DemographicsRegional demographics refers to characteristics of a population in a certain area (region).Common demographics include age, race, income, disabilities, culture, norms, rituals,believes and etc. In relevance to aviation regional demographics could change dramatically.The employees how are working in Europe, America, or Russia would have a built body withcomparatively high strength. In relation to Europeans and Americans, Asians have lessstrength especially Western Asians.Therefore, whenever an aircraft is designed and built and Europe and America, they areresponsible of making the manuals and maintenance documented. There they conduct lots oftests and experiments to produce requires documents, but in related to their region. Thatmeans they will be preparing documents regarding the average of their people. Therefore,sometimes some of the practices mentioned in the manuals are not practical in Asiancountries. Especially when it comes to heavy hard work. Another classic example is workingenvironment in different regions such as cold conditions against warm environment.Age also another factors that effects human factors according to regional demographics.When persons get aged there working capacity lowers. But the experience that they arehaving is more important to the organization. According to sources the productivity of thosepeople are as average 2 hours per day. So to get the maximum out of experienced people it isimportant to use them accordingly. Or else they also will tend to do mistakes.Sometimes race and ethnicity are also cause problems in this environment. For example, inAmerica white people don’t work with black natives. Also Middle East organizations givepriority to Muslims. So when these kind of different people are working together they causeproblems. Regional Demographics must be carefully studied when implementing a safety managementsystem. Because capabilities differ according to regional demographics. Therefore, eventhough some practices are recommended in some part of the world. It should be changedaccordingly. Otherwise if will be a safety hazard for the person who is doing the work and forthe equipment that they are handling.The aviation management includes the navigation, aircraft maintenance, air trafficcontrolling, passenger and cargo handling and so forth individual segments which supports tocope up with the entire operation’s supply demand chain. Hence, the regional demographicswithin sections might involve in influencing human error that might ultimately result in ahazard that risks the operation as a whole. In order to mitigate these conflicts betweenregional demographics, safety measures should be implemented within a certain organizationin each individual section. Development of a suitable environment, a culture, will be an appropriate method inmitigating the effects due to the influence of regional demographics in a particularorganization. A culture influences the rituals, age discriminations, different believes andbehaviours and so forth within the community. A just culture encourages the workers as itmakes them believe that they are being treated equally and fairly and ensures that theircommitment is highly valued by the particular organization. The creation of a safety culturecertifies an effective safety reporting system, which is an essential prerequisite of safetymanagement system of the organization. In Safety Management Systems, the effective and safety error reporting system plays a majorrole. Accurate and timely reporting of relevant hazards, incidents as well as accidents is afundamental in SMS. At a certain workplace, for example, in an aircraft maintenance hangar,personnel should have been trained and constantly encourages to report errors andexperiences that might affect the operation’s safety. For an effective safety reporting,employees should be accountable, willing, flexible, learning and knowledgeable inidentifying and reporting technical and organizational factors that compromises the situationof a certain workplace. However, special concerns should be made appropriately to minimize the pressure causes todue peers. This can be minimized through changing the methods of error reporting as,confidential hazard reporting, confidential surveys or questionnaires to employees, informalcommunication or even through personal observations of work practices and work flow.Moreover, a feedback to the error reporter will be beneficial in making them, as well as theother workers about their valued contribution towards the safety management system of theorganization, which might also motivate them positively in reporting safety hazards. T. Sanjeewan ENG/!3/002CY Kaluthantri ENG/13/046RMC Asanga ENG/13/041K Wickramasinghe

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