ECU PSYC 3300 - Chapter 15 - Part 1 - Slides (7 pages)

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Chapter 15 - Part 1 - Slides



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Chapter 15 - Part 1 - Slides

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Pages:
7
School:
East Carolina University
Course:
Psyc 3300 - Psychology of Personality
Psychology of Personality Documents
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6 19 2018 Chapter 15 Part 1 PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL INTERACTION 3 Mechanisms of Social Interaction Selection Evocation Manipulation Selection Personality influences selection of People Romantic partners Friends Colleagues Situations 1 6 19 2018 Personality Romantic Relationships Buss et al 1990 Surveyed mate prefs of over 10 000 P s from 33 countries Most desired characteristics Mutual attraction love Dependablity Emotional stability Personality Romantic Relationships Two competing hypotheses Complementary needs theory we like people who are different from us opposites attract Attraction similarity theory we like people who are similar to us birds of a feather flock together Personality Romantic Relationships Assortative mating People like and marry others who are similar to themselves Why Active selection of mates who are similar By products of other processes e g proximity 2 6 19 2018 Personality Romantic Relationships Botwin et al 1997 Studied relationship between desired mate personality own personality Result Positive Correlation People want mates with similar personalities to their own Personality Romantic Relationships Do people get the mates they want Botwin et al 1997 Compared prefs for ideal mate personality actual mate personality Result Positive correlation Conclusion People frequently get the mates they want Personality Romantic Relationships Does partner personality affect marital satisfaction YES People are happiest if married to partners high in Agreeableness Emotional stability low neuroticism Openness 3 6 19 2018 Personality Romantic Relationships Personality Breakup Violation of Desire theory Buss 2003 Prediction break ups more common when people don t get what they want Most people want mates who are dependable emotionally stable Those who fail risk of divorce Conclusion People who don t get what they desire are more likely to break up 0 1 2 3 4 Not at all Slightly Moderately Very Extremely 1 I get nervous if I have to speak with someone in authority teacher boss etc 2 I have difficulty making eye contact with others 3 I become tense if I have to talk about myself or my feelings 4 I find difficulty mixing comfortably with the people I work with 5 I find it easy to make friends of my own age 4 6 19 2018 0 1 2 3 4 Not at all Slightly Moderately Very Extremely 6 I tense up if I meet an acquaintance on the street 7 When mixing socially I am uncomfortable 8 I feel tense if I am alone with just one person 9 I am at ease meeting people at parties etc 10 I have difficulty talking with other people Social Interaction Anxiety Scale Reverse 5 9 0 4 1 3 2 2 3 1 4 0 Add all items to get the total Social Interaction Anxiety Scale Reverse 5 9 0 4 1 3 2 2 3 1 4 0 Add all items to get the total 0 13 Low Social Anxiety 14 26 Moderate Social Anxiety 27 40 High Social Anxiety 5 6 19 2018 Personality Selection of Situations Shyness feeling tense worried anxious during social interactions States vs traits Trait shyness feeling awkward in MOST situations Personality Selection of Situations Shy women less likely to visit a gynecologist discuss contraception with potential sexual partners Greater health risk Personality Selection of Situations Shy women less likely to gamble Lower financial risk Conclusion Shyness leads to greater vulnerability to some types of risks but decreases others 6 6 19 2018 Personality Selection of Situations Personality affects selection of activities High Empathy More likely to do volunteer work High Machiavellianism Prefer face to face interaction Easier to manipulate people 7


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