USC CTCS 190 - 190 Midterm Exam Review (6 pages)

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190 Midterm Exam Review



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190 Midterm Exam Review

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Pages:
6
School:
University of Southern California
Course:
Ctcs 190 - Introduction to Cinema
Introduction to Cinema Documents
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Film as Technology Business Art Entertainment and Cultural Product Aspect Detail Meaning Technology Six major developments for reproduction of life in motion Persistence of Vision Still Photography Motion Picture Camera Film Stock The Printer The Motion Picture Projection Business Business Triumvirate Producers distributors exhibitors Transition of films from vaudeville shows to their own venues ie Nickelodeon 1905 Movie Palaces 1914 movie theaters Entertainment Art Art vs Entertainment All art is entertainment but not all entertainment is art Paradoxes of Film as Art Film is collaborative art is mostly the product of individual Technology is impersonal but art is personal Film as a business is driven by profit Film is for masses but art has to challenge and transcend time Film contains seven traditional art forms Literature theater painting dance architecture sculpture music The scientific spirit of the 19th century led to the rise of a number of inventions occurring simultaneously in different parts of the world See page 5 of your readers for the timeline of these developments On page 9 you can find the detailed description of these technologies and optical devices ie Thaumatrope zoetrope etc Try to keep these questions in mind when thinking the business side of the films Why did the movies become so popular What did this popularity lead to What kind of an influence does increasing urbanization have on this popularity What did movies mean to the lower classes Entertainment art aspect of films might affect the technology and the business aspects by instigating technological advancements ie Star Wars Keep in mind that the business aspect might influence entertainment art when economic decisions are prioritized in film making rather than the artistic ones Singin In the Rain Broadway Ballet There is also an industrial aspect to the film as a technology since it requires the collaboration of different agents and elements Cultural Product The social dimension Cultural Dimension The films are both from and about society and culture They are influenced by the culture and they influence culture in return Films reveal clues about the society and the culture they are produced in Literary Design Key Concepts Aspect Detail Meaning Script a k a screenplay or scenario Writer s script the blueprint Shooting Director s script includes notes on blocking camera movement music etc The Text The Film Itself what you see on screen The Published Script Transcribed from finished film instead of writers script Characters Dialogue Action Setting where and when Potential authors Screenwriter actors directors genre conventions culture audiences etc The first thing put in place the script gets the production started There are two types Original written directly for the screen and Adaptations based on preexisting material Adaptations can be considered Loose Faithful or Strict depending on how closely they hew to the source material Actors directly affect three of these categories not Setting Elements of a Script Film Authorship Literary Determinations Aristotelian elements of plot Point of View Additional Devices Due to the many voices in film development production post production and reception you cannot easily call any one person including the writer a film s author Literary determinations are those things that the writer brings to the text Title audience s first instance of meaning Subject what the film is about Theme attitude toward subject reason for telling Story is a chronological chosen sequence of Story Plot Narrative connected events with cause effects in a Dramatic Structure setting Linear Episodic Thematic Plot is the series of story events in the order Configuration Arrangement that they are presented in the film Characters Narrative also includes the framing or style Setting Temporal chosen to tell the story Some information that Period Duration Season Spatial does not advance the story might be included place location 1 Cause and effect events happen for a reason have repercussions 2 Connection in time and space Creates an impression of continuity 3 Involves a character who has a goal dream protagonist The protagonist performs Actions progression toward goal or regression conflict Antagonist opposing force stands in way of protagonist 4 Suspense Actions are arranged to create sustain audience interest 5 Unity A sense of coherence nothing included feels too extraneous to plot action 6 An ending closure often heterosexual coupling or dictated by genre Omniscient God like vantage not Generally ask yourself tethered to any one character Whose eyes are we seeing the story First Person Inside from the perspective through of a character inside the story Through who does the audience experience First Person Outside from the plot twists and turns perspective of a character outside the Which character is transformed by the story s story e g narrator end Third Person Follows experience of main character usually limits our perspective Pay attention to camera placement in relation to that character s perspective to characters Multiple Multiple main characters Motifs meaningful repetition Devices used by screenwriters to add subtext Metaphor implied comparisons a thing stands for something else Symbol a thing that stands for both itself and more than itself Allusion a reference outside the work generates meaning Performance Transporting human behavior interactions to the filmic form Aspect Representation of the Script Detail Player s Importance Types of Players Acting Styles Critical Criteria How to Determine Good Performance Director as Guide Dialogue realized via the voice words intonation pauses pace volume silence reaction Body action plot gesture enhances character business not plot related facial expression reactions Character realized through actor s properties physicality personality talent mythology Persona mask combination of actor s properties see above Star system s impact on early cinema esp promotions and marketing Can alter dialogue of the script Casting shapes overall feel of the script Attention to entrances exits Non professionals types extras etc Actor driven by training persona Star driven by persona serve as a commodity or selling point for the film Star Actor Pantomime presentational Delsarte elocutionist who wrote the book on acting pantomimic style broad exaggerated posed conveys emotion Representational realist scaled back from pantomimic reliance on external elements costuming


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