OSU ANTH 210 - Jamaica Slides (13 pages)

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Jamaica Slides



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Jamaica Slides

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Pages:
13
School:
Oregon State University
Course:
Anth 210 - Comparative Cultures
Comparative Cultures Documents
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1 4 14 Jamaica Sources of Exploitation Caribbean Visions of Jamaica What do we know about Jamaica What is your image What type of music do we associate with Jamaica Reggae Lyrics often refer to Horrors of Slavery African Salvation Rastafarianism and or Ganja Oppression 1 1 4 14 Image of Jamaica Chamber of commerce style images Marketed to tourists Natural Beauty of island Very different from revolutionary music of Reggae Original Inhabitants of Jamaica Arawak Indians original inhabitants What happened to them Murdered Sickened and died Enslaved Worked to death Flesh eating dogs Killing Arawak Indians 2 1 4 14 Contest Between Emerging World Powers Spain vs Great Britain British established Fort at Port Royal Pirates plundered Spanish ships as they went by When did British take over Jamaica 1655 Slave Trade Sugar Plantations brought the need for Slave Treatment Slave Owner Slave Driver Maroon Communities Who were the maroons Where did they live In what time period did the Maroon War occur What was the outcome 3 1 4 14 Christian Preachers African Jamaican preachers Spread the news from other plantations Brought information about worldwide events such as the abolitionist movement in England Sam Sharpe Led slave revolt in 1831 Precursor to abolition of slavery in 1834 State of Jamaican Identity How do African Jamaicans see themselves African Jamaicans see themselves as Africans in exile African religious practices outlawed Biblical imagery found in latter Jamaican music The Rivers of Babylon Revivalism Revitalization Movements Response to poverty resulted in a spiritual revivalism in 1860 s Who was Paul Bogle 4 1 4 14 Capitalist Development 1860 90 s What happened to the sugar industry United States companies buying sugar plantations for banana production Displaced workers What is Ethiopianism Strong identification with Ethiopia Came to represent black pride Jamaica Development of Rastafarianism Rastafarianism What is Rastafarianism Its ideology 1 An authentic grassroots movement struggling for liberation from both racial and class oppression 2 An attempt to reassert pride in African Jamaican culture 3 In uenced by cultural currents encountered abroad 5 1 4 14 Development of African Consciousness in Jamaica Consciousness developed in Jamaica through folklore religion and current events Ethiopianism Abyssinian Baptist church in Harlem Italians vs Ethiopia 1896 battle of Adowa Symbol of Black resilience News spread to new world Image of a strong black king Map of Africa Marcus Garvey Leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association UNIA Became the largest mass movement among Black people at that time Born in Jamaica in 1887 worked as printer apprentice then a master printer Black Star Line 6 1 4 14 Ras Tafari aka Haile Selassie I 1930 Ras Tafari Mekonnen crowned king of Ethiopia Many felt prophecy had been ful lled Was a politician who used extensive media campaign Italian Invasion of Ethiopia II Mussolini invaded in 1935 wanted to turn Ethiopia into an Italian Colony Haile Selassie leaves in 1936 returns after WWII Blacks blamed League of Nations interpreted it as a race war Jamaican newspapers printed pages of atrocities being committed Haile Selassie visits Jamaica in 1966 Leonard Howell Credited to be the rst to teach on the divinity of Haile Selassie Was sent to prison after police raid Established commune known as Pinnacle in 1940 Grew Ganja as a cash crop Rituals associated with Rastafarianism 7 1 4 14 Symbols of Rastafarianism What are the six symbols listed in text of Rastafarianism 1 Lion and Colors of ag 2 Grounations with Nyabinghi drumming 3 Dreadlocks 4 Ital diet 5 Reasoning ceremony 6 Herb chalice Ganja Rastafarianism developed in response to Energizing message of Garvey and the UNIA in the 1920 s The hardships of the depression era Haile Selassie I Crowned King of Ethiopia Italian attack on the new black monarch The strong Christian messianic tradition in Jamaica Origins of Reggae Music 8 1 4 14 Origins of Reggae Music What in uences led up to the creation of reggae music 1 Rasta gatherings 2 Missionary musical in uences 3 Jamaican musical traditions 4 Other musical in uences Origins of Reggae Music 1 Rasta gatherings Early forms in Rasta ritual drum circles known as Nyabinghi or grounations Makes no distinction between performers and audience Drums dominate Chant drum dance and perform Proper respect and reverence Music can not be marketed Origins of Reggae 2 Missionary musical in uence Rural Afro Protestant Churches and sects Variants of Pokomania indigenous religion combined with Christianity 9 1 4 14 Origins of Reggae 3 Jamaican musical traditions Mento 1950s Blending of European social dance music with African derived styles Ballroom dances used ddles utes and guitars Added banjoes rumba boxes drums rattles scrapers etc Very little was recorded Origins of Reggae 4 Other musical in uences Work songs Day O Big Dance Bands of United States Jazz Trinidad and Cuban music 1940s 1950s Big Band music was being played in hotel and tourist industry Expensive Became replaced with Sound Systems playing American R B Disc Jockeys Duke Reid Record labels 10 1 4 14 American R B the Development of Ska Music R B in uence from Jamaicans travelling abroad and also Radio play on the island Fats Domino became popular in Jamaica R B Boogie woogie went on to later in uence Ska music Ska Ska Music Euro styles Mento Rhythm and Blues Many musicians trained in European traditions Also grew out of poor slums in Trenchtown Roots Rock Reggae 1966 music began to slow down Became known as Rock steady Sub culture of reggae Rudeboys Gangsters formed in response to slums dwellings lack of jobs 11 1 4 14 Bob Marley and the Wailers First group composed entirely of dedicated Rastas Peter Tosh Chris Blackwell Island records Catch a re 1972 Example of Reggae Redemption Song What kind of connections can you make in this song with what you have read and what you have heard in class Reggae What Reggae has come to stand for Epitome of protest music a message of liberation dignity and self a rmation Call for radical social and personal change Unity of struggle of all in the Black diaspora Utopian idea of a liberated African homeland Symbols of rastafari and reggae have become worldwide symbols of opposition and resistance Provides sense of belonging to a meaningful community based on shared struggles 12 1 4 14 Jamaica During our next class meeting you will be taking the test on Jamaica Again it will be a


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