OSU ANTH 210 - Hawaii Slides (10 pages)

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Hawaii Slides



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Hawaii Slides

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Pages:
10
School:
Oregon State University
Course:
Anth 210 - Comparative Cultures
Comparative Cultures Documents

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2 25 15 KUKUI NUT HISTORY AND INFO The kukui nut is the state tree of Hawai i because of its many values The kukui kernel is used to make oils shampoos fuel for lighting The kukui kernel can also be cooked and chopped to use as a spicing Inamona Fishermen chewed the kukui kernel for clearing the water for fishing The shells of the kukui nut were used to make dyes in old times for the Kapa or Tapa The nut was often used to make the Hu a top like toy for all In ancient times the kukui nut was reserved to be worn by the reigning chiefs of Hawai i known as the Ali i HAWAII BEFORE WESTERN CONTACT Genealogies Traced to mythic gods through chant Pleiades star cluster New Year Symbolic Fertility cycle Year god Lono Hula dance Religiously used to invoke Lono s interest 1 2 25 15 SOUTH PACIFIC ISLANDS POLYNESIAN PIONEERS 1st phase Hawaii settled by Polynesian s 2nd phase refined agriculture and aquatic food production 3rd phase Expansion period agricultural technology A D 300 600 600 1100 A D Taro DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL HIERARCHY Ali i Nobles Had to conquer the land by forming alligences with the maka ainana Taxes given to Ali i Commoners All descendants from the same ancestor king Tied to chief through reciprocity Aloha 2 2 25 15 RECIPROCITY Reciprocity interchange of favors or privileges Different levels of reciprocity 1 2 3 Generalized someone gives and expects nothing immediate in return usually related through kinship Balanced exchanges between people who are more distantly related more distant kin or non kin Negative exchanges with people on fringes or outside of social system The reciprocity system in ancient Hawaii bound the Ali i and the commoners together 3 2 25 15 MANA TABOO Mana kings judged on how much mana they had Outstanding effectiveness in action Mana Often deserted chief who failed in battle referenced in terms of sheer abundance Taboo dangerous marked or set apart Divine is taboo MELE IN ANCIENT HAWAII v What is mele v Poetical compositions imagery



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