UIUC PSYCH 238 - Psych review 10 - Google Docs (5 pages)

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Psych review 10 - Google Docs



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Psych review 10 - Google Docs

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Pages:
5
School:
University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign
Course:
Psych 238 - ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY

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1 Behaviorist Theories 1 Principles 1 Personality is determined by the environment 1 reinforcement contingencies create personality 2 We can alter personalities by changing the environment 2 Criticism 1 Fail to recognize the importance of cognition 2 Social Cognitive Theories 1 Albert Bandura 1 Personality is created by an interaction between 1 the person traits 2 the environment 3 the person s behavior 2 This is based on triadic reciprocality reciprocal determinism 1 each of these three factors influence both of the other two in a constant loop like fashion 3 Also believed that personality is determined by self efficacy 1 high optimistic about their ability to get things done 2 low feel a sense of powerlessness 3 affects actions 2 George Kelly 1 Personal Construct theory 1 in attempts to understand the world people develop systems of personal constructs 1 consist of pairs of opposites 2 ex smart vs dumb 3 used to evaluate the world 2 behavior is determined by interpretation of the world 3 based on a fundamental postulate 1 which states that behavior is influenced by cognitions and we can predict future behavior with past behavior 3 Locus of control 1 Julian Rotter 2 Internal locus of control 1 feel as if you are responsible for what happens to you 2 correlated with higher health political activity and grades 3 External locus of control 1 believe that luck and other forces outside of your own control determine your destiny 3 Humanistic Theories 1 Determinism 1 The belief that what happens is dictated by what happened in the past 2 Psychoanalysts and behaviorists 3 Doesn t support the existence of free will 1 an individual s ability to choose his own destiny 2 third force 1 arose in opposition to determinism 3 central to humanistic psychology 2 Principles 1 People are innately good 2 People are able to determine their destinies with free will 3 Focus on importance of self concept and self esteem 1 these have a positive correlation 4 Self concept 1 a person s global



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