Purdue PSY 120 - Psych exam 1 SG (4 pages)

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Psych exam 1 SG



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Psych exam 1 SG

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Pages:
4
School:
Purdue University - Main Campus
Course:
Psy 120 - Elementary Psychology

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Chapter 1 Define Psychology The scientific study of behavior and mind Know the difference between a clinical psychologist and a psychiatrist Psychiatrist is an M D and can prescribe medicine Know the development of psychology o Structuralism Psychologists should seek the structure of the mind by breaking it down into elementary parts much as a chemist might try to understand a chemical compound Wilhelm Wundt and Titchener o Functionalism An early school of psychology functionalists believed that the proper way to understand mind and behavior is to first analyze their function and purpose William James and James Angell o Behaviorism A school of psychology proposing that the only proper subject matter of psychology is observable behavior rather than immediate conscious experience John Watson B F Skinner o Psychoanalysis Insight leads to understanding how memories and mental processes produce problem behaviors Freud o Humanistic psychology A movement in psychology that focuses on people s unique capacities for choice responsibility and growth Carl Rogers Chapter 3 Identify areas related to Neural areas transmission o Myelin sheath insulator that speeds up neural transmission o Cell body the soma the main body of the cell o Synaptic gap chemicals released from the terminal buttons flow into the synaptic gap communication o Resting potential 60 to 70 mV The tiny electrical charge in place between the inside and the outside of the resting neuron o Action potential The all or none electrical signal that travels down a neuron s axon All or nothing process The action potential either fires completely or not at all Once the firing threshold is reached the action potential begins and travels completely down the axon toward the terminal buttons Identify and define areas of the brain o Three major regions forebrain midbrain hindbrain Forebrain cerebrum thalamus hypothalamus Midbrain Tectum tegmentum Hindbrain Cerebellum pons medulla o Reticular formation sleep and wake cycles o



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