UH ENGL 1303 - Eng. Paper #1 (4 pages)

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Eng. Paper #1



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Eng. Paper #1

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Pages:
4
School:
University of Houston
Course:
Engl 1303 - First Year Writing I
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Andrea Tovar English 1303 Professor Barr 27th of September 2017 The Future of Genetically Modified Organisms Biotechnology has been advancing juristically in today s society But of course as biotechnology continues to expand the risks that come with it do so as well Scientists have been able to modify the food we eat and essentially make it better Because scientists are known to be very credible people tend to trust them more than those who hold negative opinions toward their scientific finding even if what they re doing is unjust to many Although there has been a breakthrough regarding genetically modified organisms people fail to understand the health related issues that will cause more danger than good as the years progress but Dr Michael Wald clearly explains in detail to fully address the subject through his article Dr Michael Wald s perspective allows his audience to become aware of what will change the world in the near future For one Dr Wald s viewpoint is highly credible because of his Master s Degree from the University of Health Sciences Antigua and his Ph D from the Holistic College of Nutrition Also he has physically treated patients and has been a health care provider for about 25 years He mentions in the article how he has conducted extensive research on this topic and tells his audience he doesn t believe there is a sufficient amount of evidence to why genetically modified foods should be placed on the market Although this is such a controversial topic Dr Wald proves to his audience that he and his perspective are trustworthy According to Dr Wald s article concerning genetically modified organisms he explains the background of the genetically modified organisms or GMOs They are organisms that have their genetic material manipulated by genetic engineering techniques for the benefit of humans which include animals plants and bacteria Dr Wald introduces his article by explaining how the breakthrough of genetically modified organisms began in 1973 and states how they continue to be used widely in scientific research as new produce goods are created in today s society Initially when the new technology was discovered it created some worry towards human health but the public was mainly distracted at the fact that modifying organisms opened up numerous possibilities Although today all genetically modified organisms have been approved and labeled as safe by the government Dr Wald describes some of the health risks that are implied include cancer autoimmune disease fatigue memory problems fertility issues inflammation in the intestines and gastrointestinal problems The main reason people fail to notice its harm is because people won t realize health related issues will start to occur until the damage has already been done with time Dr Wald also incorporates the process of genetically modifying organisms In his article he explains the few steps when developing genetically modifying organisms He also states before manipulating an organism s DNA it is necessary to do research about its structure location and or function of the gene on a chromosome in order to be able to identify which gene is responsible for which trait found in an organism The use of one s knowledge on the topic will dictate if the outcome is successful or not The first step is isolating the gene of interest in an organism s DNA After it has been isolated it is inserted into a transfer vector A plasmid which is a circular model of DNA is the most commonly used transfer vector that transfers the isolated gene from the naturally occurring soil bacterium Using rDNA which means recombinant DNA that has been artificially made from two or more gene sequences the gene of interest is then inserted into the plasmid The new gene and the altered cell that contains the plasmid are put together with the cells from the original organism and some cells take up the plasmid with the transfer DNA This process is called transformation After transformation the plasmid takes in the genes responsible for resistance and are then transferred with the genes that have the preferred traits When the genetically modified cells are exposed to either an antibiotic herbicide etc they will survive because of its DNA alteration For example if the cells are from a plant s genes the new cells can be regenerated to form the entire plant s culturing tissue When the GMO plant has finished growing tests are done to determine the number of genes inserted and if the copies are intact and if the genes are fully functional People have concerns regarding whether or not the GMOs will cause an antibiotic resistance in their bodies after they consume the pesticide modified food Some also have concerns about its contamination in the environment and how it leads to increased cancer risk Dr Wald addresses the leading producer of genetically engineered seed is a company in Missouri named the Monsanto Company and was founded in 1901 by John Francis Queeny Dr Wald states in his article the company has been successful with its dishonesty He recalls the company has shared lies with the public about the safety and or benefits regarding the ingredients used in the genetically modified organisms He proves his statement by addressing to his audience the US Food and Drug Administration has not released safety studies about GMOs Currently independent studies are going on and raise questions if food allergies are the effect of consuming genetically modified organisms As mentioned earlier the outcome of digesting modified food can catch up to us in the long run Because our bodies have recently been introduced to the modification of foods we have not been able to adapt therefore our bodies can not protect themselves from its harmful affects Dr Wald has treated patients who have been effected from heavy metal contamination chemicals that have been sprayed on our foods gluten malabsorption food allergies food borne infections and unnaturally processed and denatured food Foods that have been modified tend to increase addiction because of its acquired taste and unfortunately decrease the quality of consumed foods Research has shown based on real life experiences GMOs will cause serious health risks and will only become worse as new bioengineering techniques are discovered Although genetically modifying organisms can cause serious health issues in the future there happens to be a benefit but not for our bodies As time will go by the Earth s population will increase at least


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