VCU PSYC 101 - EXAM 2 (2) (31 pages)

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EXAM 2 (2)



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EXAM 2 (2)

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Pages:
31
School:
Virginia Commonwealth University
Course:
Psyc 101 - Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Psychology Documents

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What is Operant Conditioning It s one thing to classically condition a dog to salivate at the sound of a tone or a child to fear moving cars To teach an elephant to learn to walk on its hind legs or a child to say please we turn to operant conditioning Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning are both forms of associative learning Classical Conditioning forms association between Stimuli a conditioned stimulus or CS the US it signals It also involves respondent behavior actions that are automatic responses to a stimulus such as salivating in response to meat powder later in response to a tone In Operant Conditioning organisms associate their own actions with consequences Actions followed by reinforcers increase those followed by punishments often decrease Behavior that operates on the environment to produce rewarding or punishing stimulus is called Operant Behavior 1 With Classical conditioning we learn associations between events we do no control With Operant conditioning we learn associations between our behavior resulting events 2 Salivating in response to a tone paired with food is an RESPONDENT BEHAVIOR pressing a bar to obtain food is OPERANT BEHAVIOR MODULE 21 Basic Learning Concepts Classical Conditioning 1 What is learning what are some basic forms of learning o Learning is the process of acquiring through experience new information or behaviors o In associative learning we learn that certain events occur together o In classical conditioning we learn to associate two or more stimuli a stimulus is any event or situation that evokes a response o We associate stimuli that we do not control and we respond automatically This is called respondent behavior o In operant conditioning we learn to associate a response and its consequences These associations produce operant behaviors o Through cognitive learning we acquire mental information that guides our behavior For example in observational learning we learn new behaviors by observing events and watching



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