USC HIST 102gm - Sukkot Rav Weinberg (9 pages)

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Sukkot Rav Weinberg



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Sukkot Rav Weinberg

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Pages:
9
School:
University of Southern California
Course:
Hist 102gm - Medieval People: Early Europe and its Neighbors, 400-1500
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The following presentation was recorded live by AishAudio com In order to start with the concept of Sukkot we start specifically with the davening How do we epitomize Sukkot Zman Simchateinu the season of our joy Happiness joy Now let s take a look what that means Does that mean that it is during this season that we enjoy ourselves Is that what it means Is that what Zman Cheiruteinu means that it is in this season that we are free Or is it that in this season we acquired our freedom And having achieved it in the season of our freedom it becomes an acquisition that we use through the entirety of our lives all year reinforced reinvigorated recreated on the season of Pesach but something that we take and live with all year round Zman matan torateinu means that this is the day that we have Torah or this is the day that we acquired the Torah for its effect and to keep and to use and to apply all the rest of the year Yom Hazikaron has it for this or that this concept of judgment and what we derive from it is for the rest of the year In every one of the cases of course we weren t talking of what we re doing just today We were talking of the significance of today in terms of the kind of acquisitions we have to make And now unknown for the rest of the year Are they settings and the directions that it has to give us for the rest of the year as well So Zman Simchateinu can t mean the season when we re joyous and happy It means the season where we acquire the trait of joyousness the ability to be happy and accept it as a way of life It is a thing that we establish in our life Joyousness Happiness becomes a factor in life What does that mean But that is clearly what Succos is saying to us Sukkot is not saying to us be happy today Sukkot is saying that joyousness and happiness is an essential ingredient of our lives as Jews And if we want to accomplish and to do in the service of God and fulfillment of all that we are and creating a proper Jewish peoplehood we need to bring in the concept of freedom and use it as an ongoing thing The concept of the Torah and its acceptance and subordinating ourselves to it and establishing it as the direction giver of our existence the concept of reverence and fear of God and using it with the realization and the awareness of judgment of what we re doing as being meaningful and as counting the concept of atonement of the fact that we are never lost by what we did but that we have to be aware of it All of these things tell us that Zman Simchateinu also means the season in which we acquire that power that commitment that can enable us to use the concept of joyousness as an essential ingredient of our lives as Jews as the revealers of God s reality and God s own world I can remember we pointed out that a holiday to the Jew is never a specific memorization but rather a reaction to an event which changed the essence of our character Like the Yetzias Mitzrayim changed us and made us a whole different type of being A being who is now a nation of God who are prepared for a covenant The acceptance of Torah obviously changed our whole concept and view of reality and of what existence is about We are capable of different things We are driven to different things All that we are has been essentially affected in the deepest most intense way by the reality of what took place on that day As we pointed out in Pulyum Pulyum made a change in the very nature and soul of the Jew and his potential and how he saw himself and what he demands of himself and what he is capable of Therefore Succos also is a change in the very essence of the Jew It makes him capable and aware and able to do things that he is otherwise totally not capable of doing It gives him insights that didn t exist before It increases his potentialities It increases the reach of his soul It increases the talents that he possesses the direction that he drives it What is this event Hebrew I have set you in Succos What is that supposed to mean Whatever it s supposed to mean but it certainly says you re sitting in my dwellings That s what it is It s not the nest of being in a sukkah We don t make a Yom Tov for the Mon We don t have a Yom Tov for the Mayim Why are we making a Yom Tov for the sukkahs that we sat in The Tal says it s the sukkahs are in my dwelling it s living with God Living with God in His presence and the yonon and the yomoresh living in God and His presence has totally changed our very being You can t live in God s actual presence without being a different kind of person with a different potential a different drive a different direction of existence and the ability to achieve It s self apparent That s what Succos is about How does it express itself Our Chachamim say in Simcha They say it in Simcha because the Chumash says it Hebrew The Chumash identifies that this character that has so changed us is expressed in joyousness But the first implication is the joyousness is a character trait It s not a thing that happens to us How do you do that You say well you gotta have joy I mean God send me joy I d love it I wanna But how do I achieve joyousness It says here that joyousness is a character trait you can achieve You can be joyous And be joyous If God sends me wonderful things and I have good events I m gonna full of joy He sends me another grandchild Bez HaShem fantastic I m full of joy I suppose I hear news that one of my children is in financial difficulties and having a trouble and hopefully I m gonna be joyous What am I joyous about Nobody sent me anything to be joyful about We re being told that s not true You create joy It is a trait It is something for you to use To deal with to be to increase How does one bring joyousness into life I think that having phrased the question it has become immediately clear that this is perhaps the most crucial of the Yamim Tovim And certainly in terms of understanding and having insight into the nature of Man It would be difficult to point to something more essential We re being told that joyousness is something we can deal with It is not a reaction to the events in the …


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