UIUC PSYC 238 - Unit 2 - Causes of Abnormal Behavior (34 pages)

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Unit 2 - Causes of Abnormal Behavior



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Unit 2 - Causes of Abnormal Behavior

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Pages:
34
School:
University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign
Course:
Psyc 238 - Abnormal Psych

Unformatted text preview:

Causes of Maladaptive Behavior UNIT TWO On the Menu Today Four psychological paradigms Systems theory Behavior genetics What is a Paradigm A set of shared assumptions about the substance of a theory how scientists should collect data and test theoretical propositions 4 Basic Psychological Paradigms Psychodynamic Cognitive Behavioral Humanistic Biological 4 Basic Psychological Paradigms Psychodynamic 4 Basic Psychological Paradigms Cognitive Behavioral 4 Basic Psychological Paradigms Humanistic 4 Basic Psychological Paradigms Biological Which paradigm is correct The blind men and the elephant Which paradigm is correct Two answers Each individual paradigm is correct 2 All or some of them integrated together are correct 1 This approach is a Systems theory or biopsychosocial approach Biological Psychologic al Social On the Menu Today Four psychological paradigms Systems theory Behavior genetics Systems Theory Definition No one paradigm offers the right approach Systems theory integrates evidence from the biological psychological and social domains The centerpiece of systems theory is Holism whole more than the sum of parts The opposite of holism is Reductionism whole sum of its parts Systems Theory Causality Diathesis Stress Model Diathesis existing vulnerability that precedes stressor Stress any event that triggers the onset of disturbance A diathesis may or may not be biological and a stressor may or may not be environmental Systems Theory Causality Equifinality DIFFERENT causes for SAME disorder Death of parent Loss of job Traumatic Brain Injury Depressio n Depressio n Depressio n Systems Theory Causality Multifinality SAME causal factor but results in DIFFERENT disorders Phobia Earthquake PTSD Depressio n Systems Theory Causality Reciprocal causality causality is bidirectional Parent s behavior Child s behavior Depressed person Depressed person s friends Systems Theory Levels of Analysis Systems theory integrates evidence from biological psychological and social



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