UIUC PSYC 363 - PSYC363-Lecture7-Sep18-Review1-COMPASS(2) (62 pages)

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PSYC363-Lecture7-Sep18-Review1-COMPASS(2)



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PSYC363-Lecture7-Sep18-Review1-COMPASS(2)

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Pages:
62
School:
University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign
Course:
Psyc 363 - Developmental Psych Lab
Developmental Psych Lab Documents
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PSYC 363 Developmental Psych Lab Review for Exam 1 1 Don t forget Hypotheses due on Tuesday Articles for practice article summary on Compass due 10 2 Exam 1 on Thursday Bring a No 2 pencil Office Hours change today only 2 3 PM instead of 1 2 PM 2 Exam 1 information Format Exam worth 10 of your grade 100 points 40 multiple choice questions 2 points each 4 short essay questions 20 points total Covers everything we discussed in lecture your labs and chapters covered from the book 1 2 3 4 10 Make sure to read the chapters 3 Bring your No 2 Pencil 4 Review Lecture 1 The Scientific Approach Lecture 2 Hypotheses Variables Definitions Lecture 3 Experimental Paradigm Lecture 4 Developmental Designs Lecture 5 Reliability Validity Lecture 6 Ethics in Research 5 Review Lecture 1 The Scientific Approach Lecture 2 Hypotheses Variables Definitions Lecture 3 Experimental Paradigm Lecture 4 Developmental Designs Lecture 5 Reliability Validity Lecture 6 Ethics in Research 6 Lecture 1 The Scientific Approach Sources of knowledge Authority intuition logic observation How different approaches rank these sources religion government philosophy science Values of science Observation logic intuition authority 7 Lecture 1 The Scientific Approach Assumptions of Science Determinism things have systematic causes Empiricism value of objective observation Testability falsifiability measurable and can be proven wrong Parsimony simple fewer assumptions The scientific process 8 The Scientific Process Identify a problem Gather Information Introduction Formulate a hypothesis Analyze Data Record and Organize Data Design an Experiment Method and Results Draw Conclusions Use conclusions to develop a new hypothesis Discussion Science values OBSERVATION Which of the assumptions of science emphasizes that A Empiricism B Determinism C Parsimony D Falsifiability 10 Which of the following is NOT true of the scientific method A All statements must be subjected to empirical tests B All evidence should be critically evaluated C Everything reported by a scientist is always right and everyone agrees with it D Methods must be described in precise terms 11 Review Lecture 1 The Scientific Approach Lecture 2 Hypotheses Variables Definitions Lecture 3 Experimental Paradigm Lecture 4 Developmental Designs Lecture 5 Reliability Validity Lecture 6 Ethics in Research 12 Lecture 2 Hypotheses Variables Definitions Hypotheses Confirmation Bias positive test bias examples guessing number sequence EK47 card game Variables Definitions E K 4 7 Define variables in measurable terms Types of Variables Independent variables Dependent variables Subject variables 13 Lecture 2 Hypotheses Variables Definitions Variable Scales Nominal scale qualitatively distinct e g gender Ordinal scale categories in order e g SES Interval scale equal spacing between values e g temperature Ratio scale equal spacing with true zero e g age 14 Lecture 2 Hypotheses Variables Definitions Nominal Can you rank order the levels of the variable NO Scale Y E S Are the levels equidistant NO Ordinal Scale NO Interval Scale and are you using full range of the scale Y E S Is there a true zero Y E S Ratio Scale 15 In Bandura s Bobo Doll Experiment what are the independent and dependent variables respectively A Adult interaction with doll Child s expressed aggressive behavior B Child s expressed aggressive behavior Adult interaction with doll C Child s expressed aggressive behavior Child s gender 16 The outcome variable that the experimenters expect to be influenced by their manipulation is called the A control B experimental variable C independent variable D dependent variable E manipulation 17 are predictions about specific events that are derived from A Hypotheses theories B Theories hypotheses C Hypotheses proofs D Hypotheses observations 18 Which of the following is NOT true of hypotheses A Hypotheses should be testable B Hypotheses are often based on theories C Hypotheses should be confirmed by research studies D Hypotheses can predict behavior 19 The categorical scale is also known as the A Interval scale B Ratio scale C Nominal scale D Ordinal scale 20 Social security numbers are arbitrarily assigned to individuals Someone who was assigned a social security number right before yours will not have the number directly preceding your number Your social security number is best thought of as a scale A Interval scale B Ratio scale C Nominal scale D Ordinal scale 21 In the Bobo doll study the independent variable children watching either aggressive or non aggressive interaction with the doll is on what scale A Interval scale B Ratio scale C Ordinal scale D Nominal scale 22 An operational definition of the variable anxiety might be A a physiological measure of sweating B the score on the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale C the number of um s and ah s in a person s speech D all of the above 23 Dr Cohen hypothesizes that Chinese and American parents have different goals for their children whereas Chinese parents prioritize children s continual self improvement American parents prioritize their children s feelings of worth This hypothesis is A Testable B Falsifiable C Both testable and falsifiable D Neither testable nor falsifiable E It depends on how he tests it 24 Review Lecture 1 The Scientific Approach Lecture 2 Hypotheses Variables Definitions Lecture 3 Experimental Paradigm Lecture 4 Developmental Designs Lecture 5 Reliability Validity Lecture 6 Ethics in Research 25 Lecture 3 Experimental Paradigm Condition Comparisons Within subjects design Cons more time per participant Order effects carryover effects counterbalancing Between subjects design More participants More subject variability selection bias random assignment matching 26 Lecture 3 Experimental Paradigm Variance Confounds Primary variance secondary variance Confound interaction between 2 systematically related to IV and DV Sources of confounds Individual differences environmental differences IV differences DV differences Subject variables as confounds 27 We want to test the effect of two different training methods of improving math score What design should we choose A Within subjects design B Between subjects design C Either is fine it depends 28 A researcher wants to find out whether campers prefer cotton or nylon sleeping bags A troop of boy campers tried cotton and a troop of girl campers tried nylon sleeping bags The sleeping bags were rated for softness and warmth The confounding variable is A cotton or nylon material B


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