UIUC ARTH 348 - Spanish 122 Vocabulary (Chapter 4) (6 pages)

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Spanish 122 Vocabulary (Chapter 4)



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Spanish 122 Vocabulary (Chapter 4)

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Pages:
6
School:
University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign
Course:
Arth 348 - Spanish Art 1890-Present
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Spanish 122 Vocabulary Cap tulo 4 El la abuelo a grandfather grandmother Los abuelos grandparents El la ahijado a godson goddaughter El la esposo a husband wife El la gemelo a twin El la hermanastro a stepbrother stepsister El la hermano a brother sister Los hermanos siblings El la hijastro a stepson stepdaughter El la hijo a son daughter El la hijo a adoptivo a adopted son daughter El la hijo a nico a only child Los hijos children La madrastra stepmother La madre mother La madrina godmother El la medio a hermano a half brother sister El la nieto a grandson granddaughter Los nietos grandchildren El padrastro stepfather El padre father Los padres parents El padrino godfather Los padrinos godparents El la pariente relative El la primo a cousin El la sobrino a nephew niece Los sobrinos nephews and nieces El la t o a uncle aunt Los t os aunts and uncles El la cu ado a brother in law sister in law La nuera daughter in law El la suegro a father in law mother in law El yerno son in law El gato cat Numbers 100 and up For numbers between 100 and 200 use ciento o Ciento uno ciento dos ciento tres ciento noventa y nueve The hundreds from 200 to 900 will show gender agreement o Doscientos uno doscientos dos doscientos noventa y neuve hombres o Trescientas tres cuatrocientas siete novecientas cinco mujeres The indefinite article is not used before one thousand o Mil d lares o Cinco mil d lares To express years in Spanish the numbers are said using mil o 1492 mil cuatrocientos noventa y dos o 1959 mil novecientos cincuenta y nueve o 1776 mil setecientos setenta y seis o 2001 dos mil uno To express dates that include years use the formula el day de month de year o Hoy es el 30 de abril de 2015 Today is April 30 2015 Use the indefinite article for one million The preposition de is required before a noun o Un mill n de personas a million people o Tres millones de personas three million people Cien 100 Ciento uno 101 Ciento dos 102 Ciento tres 103 Ciento noventa y nueve 199 Doscientos as 200 Trescientos as 300 Cuatrocientos as 400 Quinientos as 500 Seiscientos as 600 setecientos as 700 ochocientos as 800 Novecientos as 900 Mil 1 000 Dos mil 2 000 Un mill n de 1 000 000 Dos millones de 2 000 000 cari oso a affectionate Delgado a thin Gordo a fat Hermoso a pretty Jubilado a retired Listo a smart Orgulloso a proud Torpe clumsy Tranquilo a calm Travieso a mischievous Unido a close relationship Viejo a old Extrovertido a extrovert Obediente obedient Responsable responsible t mido a shy El bautizo baptism La boda wedding El cumplea os birthday El divorcio divorce El matrimonio marriage married couple La ceremonia civil civil ceremony Casado a married Divorciado a divorced Separado a separated Soltero a single Viudo a widowed Uses of the verb ser to be 1 Used to give the time of day or year the month the date and the day o Hoy es el 15 de mayo Es martes Es primavera Today is the 15th of May It is Tuesday It is spring 2 Ser with adjectives describes the inherent physical or character personality qualities of a person or thing o Mi hija es bajo pero es muy atl tica My daughter is short but very athletic o Vosotros sois muy amables You all are very kind 3 Used to tell the location of events such as concerts meetings and classes o La boda es en Madrid the wedding is in Madrid o Las clases de arte son en el sal n 213 the art classes are in room 213 4 Ser with de indicates possession or material something is made of o La computadora es de Manuel is the computer Manuel s o No es de Ana Mar a no it s Ana Maria s 5 Indicates origin and nationality o Es Marisol de Espa a S es espa ola Is Marisol from Spain Yes she s Spanish 6 Gives a definition or it identifies someone or something occupation religious political affiliation relationships o Mi t o Ram n es mi pariente favorito Es piloto y escritor Uncle Ramon is my favorite relative he s a pilot and a writer o Federica es la t a de Nidia y Paula Federica is Nidia and Paula s aunt Uses of the verb estar to be 1 Used to form the present progressive tense which is used to state that an action is in progress at this moment o En este momento estoy leyendo el peri dico en l nea at the moment I m reading the newspaper online 2 Estar with adjectives is used to describe the physical emotional or mental condition of a person or thing It can also be used to describe appearance emphasizing a change from the person or thing s usual qualities o Los ni os est n muy cansados hoy No tienen la energ a de siempre the children are very tired today They don t have their usual energy No puedes usar el coche porque est descompuesto roto you can t use the car because it s broken down 3 Used to tell physical or geographical location of a person place or thing o Mi familia est en la playa My family is at the beach o La ciudad de Atlanta est en Georgia The city of Atlanta is in Georgia In some cases the meaning of an adjective changes depending on whether ser or estar is used Remember that ser refers to inherent qualities while estar refers to current conditions or to indicate a change from the norm o La pel cula es aburrida Ver nica est aburrida The movie is boring Veronica is bored o Rodrigo es muy listo Rodrigo est listo Rodrigo is very clever Rodrigo is ready o Marcos es rico La comida est rica Marcos is rich The food tastes delicious o La manzana es verde La manzana est verde The apple is green color The apple is not ripe is unripe o The verb saber to know Yo s I know T sabes You know Ella l usted sabe She knows he knows you know formal Nosotros nosotras sabemos We know Vosotros vosotras sab is You know Spain Ellas ellos ustedes saben They know you all know formal Saber expresses to know facts or specific bits of information When followed by an infinitive it expresses to know how to do something o Sabes el tel fono de Miguel do you know Miguel s telephone number The verb conocer to know be acquainted with Yo c nozco I know I am acquainted with T conoces You know you are acquainted with Ella l usted conoce She knows she is acquainted with he knows he is acquainted with you know you are acquainted with formal Nosotros nosotras conocemos We know we are acquainted with Vosotros vosotras conoc is You know you are acquainted with Spain Ellas ellos ustedes conocen They know they are acquainted with …


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