OU PHIL 1273 - Kant Presentation (10 pages)

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Kant Presentation



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Kant Presentation

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Pages:
10
School:
The University of Oklahoma
Course:
Phil 1273 - Introduction to Business Ethics
Introduction to Business Ethics Documents

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Supplementary Information Kant Kant Vs Utilitarianis m Probably the easiest way to understand Kant is to see him as opposed to utilitarianism When making a moral judgement about an action Utilitarianism only considers consequences specifically happiness which they define as pleasure minus pain Kant is denying the relevance of consequences in general to moral considerations Instead he argues that only doing the right thing for the right reasons matters Kant Right Reasons One sensible reaction to hearing this would be to ask what he means by right reasons The short answer is You must do an action solely because it is the right action irregardless of its consequences Let s consider a thought experiment that illustrates what he means by this Kant Right Reasons Imagine that you just entered a giveaway for a Porche and the number on your raffle ticket happens to match the winning number However you just met a family whose children are starving and who is searching for the raffle that they dropped to see if they won You also know the family is planning to sell the car if they won so that they can feed their children Further you will be unable to give them the car because they are leaving right after this and the car which isn t there gets delivered to the winner s house Kant Right Reasons They proceed to ask you if you have seen their ticket Should you give them your ticket and lie by saying yes you saw them drop it earlier Kant would say no because lying is wrong You must tell them the truth that you are the winner of the raffle That way you are doing the right thing telling the truth for the right reasons because telling the truth is the right thing to do Lying is wrong because it s not good in and of itself You would be lying to ensure that the children eat However that is a consequence and is therefore of no moral value according to Kant Kant Right Actions Next we need to know what Kant means by the right thing The right thing to do in any circumstance is the action



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