Berkeley ENGLISH 102 - Learning and individual differences (21 pages)

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Learning and individual differences



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Learning and individual differences

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Pages:
21
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
English 102 - Topics in the English Language

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Learning and individual differences Author Manuscript HHS Public Access Gender Differences in Child Word Learning Margarita Kaushanskaya Megan Gross and Milijana Buac Additional article information Abstract In prior work with adults women were found to outperform men on a paired associates word learning task but only when learning phonologically familiar novel words The goal of the present work was to examine whether similar gender differences in word learning would be observed in children In addition to manipulating phonological familiarity referent familiarity was also manipulated Children between the ages of 5 and 7 learned phonologically familiar or phonologically unfamiliar novel words in association with pictures of familiar referents animals or unfamiliar referents aliens Retention was tested via a forced choice recognition measure administered immediately after the learning phase Analyses of retention data revealed stronger phonological and referent familiarity effects in girls than in boys Moreover girls outperformed boys only when learning phonologicallyfamiliar novel words and when learning novel words in association with familiar referents These findings are interpreted to suggest that females are more likely than males to recruit native language phonological and semantic knowledge during novel word learning Keywords word learning gender differences phonology semantics 1 Gender Differences in Child Word Learning The degree to which a novel word conforms to the properties of known words can influence its learnability In general research suggests broad familiarity effects in learning where novel words that are more familiar in form and or meaning are retained better than novel words that are less familiar e g Ellis Beaton 1993 Service Craik 1993 Storkel 2001 However women may be more sensitive to such linguistic familiarity effects than men e g Kaushanskaya Marian Yoo 2011 Although the mechanisms that underlie gender differences in language processing



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