UAB BY 116 - 02A_Ch 2_Biomolecules_Notes (1) (9 pages)

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02A_Ch 2_Biomolecules_Notes (1)



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02A_Ch 2_Biomolecules_Notes (1)

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Pages:
9
School:
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Course:
By 116 - Introductory Human Physiology
Introductory Human Physiology Documents

Unformatted text preview:

Biomolecules Working Molecules of Cells Support Reading in Chapter 2 Silverthorn 7th Ed Learning Assignments 1 Identify the major and trace elements found in biological life on the periodic table and conceptualize Why these elements and not others are found in humans 2 Name the major molecules found in the cellular environment and explain the difference between inorganic vs organic forms Macronutrient vs Micronutrient Simple vs Complex and Monomeric vs Polymeric 3 Describe the Life Requiring biomolecules by Family and family members chemical attributes relevant purpose or work performed and the best nutritional source and healthy amounts Why Do This Chemical Work Human Phys Essential and Trace Elements in Humans Element Protons Neutrons Electrons Mass in gram 1 mole 1 mole 6 02 X 1023 atoms 99 1 Mass Major Trace Biological Elements are Low Atomic Mass Highly Reactive Inorganic and Organic based Gilchrist Molecular Compounds Two or More Elements BONDED Together Bond Strength and Stability Strong Bonds High D Energy e Cloud Weak Sharing Nonpolar Give eStrong Receive Polar Ionic bonds break and form spontaneously Ions Cation charge Anion Charge Human Physiology Covalent bonds are stable Polar unequal sharing hydrophilic H2O Loving Nonpolar equal sharing Hydrophobic H2O Fearing 1 Basic Chemical Reaction Bond Strength and Stability Weak Bonds Important to stabilize structure Van der Waals Forces Proton Electron Resonance Hydrogen stable dipole Gilchrist Cell Environment glucose glucose ECF 300mOsm PO4 glucose PO4PO4 PO4 glucose PO4 Ca Ca Ca glucose PO4 Ca glucose Ca ICF 300mOsm glucose What is Shown Here Identify any Concepts Gilchrist glucose http health gov dietaryguidelines 2015 guidelines Calories OUT Processed Foods AVOID Solid Fat Added Sugar Foods SoFAS Fresh Whole Foods A combination of All Biomolecules in Differing Amounts Gilchrist Human Physiology Calories IN 2 Micronutrient Biomolecule Families Simple Water 65 100 oz 2 3 L per day Gases Oxygen Carbon Dioxide



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