CSUN SOC 468 - Seminar 4 & 5 (9 pages)

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Seminar 4 & 5



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Seminar 4 & 5

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Seminar Essay


Pages:
9
School:
California State University, Northridge
Course:
Soc 468 - Socio Theory Ii
Unformatted text preview:

Page 1 Seminar 10 Habermas Introduction to The Tasks of a Critical Theory of Society In an article Americans have lost faith in institutions That s not because of Trump or fake news In the article author Dirty Bandits talks about how 2 out of 10 Americans have a lot of trust in news organizations The report addresses that Americans have lost their faith in institutions are not because of the fake news or Trump According to the article in 1964 3 out of 4 Americans trusted their governments to do the proper actions most of the time though by the time the number has been declined by 1973 survey which presented 33 percent per Walter Dean Burnham described as among the largest ever recorded in opinion surveys The Study addresses two problems First the individuals declining into trust in government has been conducting by sinking belief in merely every institution It is also true that the news of these days caused variation in how Americans thought about institutions Like the report explained the Watergate scandal and 9 11 attacked lose trust in government The people life is not like it used to be in the early1960 s the modern life has departed us and we are less connected to each other whether it s a private or public entity we are not socially integrated The article includes the political scientist Russel Dalton Regardless of political history electoral system or style of government most contemporary publics are less trustful of government then they were in the era of their grandparents In reference when people consider that the economy has no longer serves them or that the government isn t working in their best interest the crisis ensues The main problem with society is not how to control it but how to maintain a communicative action and the article noted finding that communities and system have become increasingly weakened Communicative activity can be defined as the individual s wants and needs in society When the system is not considering their citizens then people begin Page 2 to feel meaningless exhibit traits of alienation and loss of motivation to participate in the economy and the political system Habermas emphasizes deformation of the lifeworld take a different form in societies in which the points of incursion for the penetration of crises into the lifeworld are politically relevant memberships p g 157 The other quote of the article claims Parents in the 1920s said it was most important for their children to be obedient that quality has declined in importance replaced by a desire for independence and autonomy Widespread education gives people the tools to make up their own mind To explains that family members are playing a vital role in the upbringing of a child so family unit is more important than any of the individual members Habermas said in his critical theory The diagnosis of an uncoupling of system and lifeworld also offers a different perspective for judging the structural change in family education and personality development p g 157 In relation James S Coleman explained on a micro level in his exchange theory family background family background is analytically separable into at least three different components financial capital human capital and social capital p g 228 The family is a social institution along with religion community business government media and education The role of family as a social institution is to preserve society and produce respectable responsible citizens The family socializes its members to understand and balance their individual needs with the demands of the other institutions mentioned above As children we can be in a safe environment in our family to explore and experience to become part of the unit for the good of the whole The second article As U S Agencies Put More Value on a Life Businesses Fret written by Binyamin Appelbaum To rallies from business and praise from unions environmentalists and consumer groups one agency after another have ratcheted up the price of life justifying more Page 3 stringent and more costly standards The study circumscribes how much spending the government should require preventing a single death That is the hypothesis of the article which takes altruism to more of an extreme than usual but all very logically consistent It was automatically presuming the issue of death is a collective problem of society as a whole which men are the means to the ends of others and that end is to prevent the deaths of anyone anywhere for any reason and at any cost The author also claimed that some industry representatives said that assigning a value to life was fundamentally subjective and that the recent reforms driven by the administration s pursuit of its regulatory agenda instead of scientific considerations Also the Transportation Department suggested saving more lives in car accidents the car requiring the stronger roofs in case of a vehicle rolling over in the crashes Mr Weissman said The bigger picture is absent he said how do you do a cost benefit analysis on global warming It constrains the imagination It really is a constraint in terms of bounding what is given serious consideration Air pollution and climate change are two of the most significant public health issues that currently face this country Health complications related to air pollution kill more people than cancer or Aid combined Obviously considerable modifications need to be implemented to have a substantial impact on reducing air pollution rates In Urban cities one of the most vital contributors to air pollution is transportation However public health officials need to implement policies and raise awareness about the benefits of open transit as well as economically support the related departments to solving environmental problems But this can only occur with much more government intervention and there is solely no way to competently address these issues without a strong commitment from the federal government With this in mind If officials want to measure government spending with units of human life then they must admit that it s income is Page 4 of the same currency And how can they ignore the fact that freedom and prosperity add to the value of life And that their value of life is value to the government not value to the person himself Given Habermas theory systemic disequilibria become crises only when the performances of economy and state remain manifest below an established level of aspiration and harm the symbolic reproduction of lifeworld by


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