UB GEO 103LEC - OLec1 Econ Geo(1) (35 pages)

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OLec1 Econ Geo(1)



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OLec1 Econ Geo(1)

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Pages:
35
School:
University at Buffalo-SUNY
Course:
Geo 103lec - Global Econ Geographies
Unformatted text preview:

Class 1 Geography Place and Space L1 Geography of Economic Systems Geography 103 1 Forwarded Message Subject just following up Date Thu 05 Feb 2015 00 17 24 0000 From Stephanie stephanie contactstudysoup com Reply To stephanie contactstudysoup com To jesspoon buffalo edu Hey just checking in on my last e mail In short you ll get paid to do what you re already doing in class taking notes and you ll be helping classmates Plus we ll really appreciate it Are you down Let me know and I can send along some more details L1 UB needs your help to be a notetaker Can you help Really appreciate you taking time to respond to this Have an awesome day Steph Head of Student Relations StudySoup HQ San Francisco CA 94117 If you can t help out you can remove yourself from this e mail if you unsubscribe 2 L1 Textbook 3 L1 Good news liberal Arts majors Wall Street journal 4 L1 Syllabus Review 5 What is Economic Geography 103 1a Economic Geography Social Urban Political L1 History exploration curiosity about different places Map production as a basic tool Location of places Physical GIS Economic Activities and organization in different locations 6 Major Approaches 103 1b Logical positivism emphasizes science and scientific method to analyze economic landscape topics studied location theory spatial interaction spatial analysis model building criticized for ignoring social class problems political and historical facts 2 Behavioral geography studies the cognitive and perception of space 3 Humanistic geography studies the subjective experiences of economic activities Focuses on human intentions and symbolic meanings 4 Structural geography i e Marxism Studies historical processes and political organization of economic activities e g control and distribution of resources L1 1 7 5 Poststructuralism how discourse shape economic activities e g media news emphasizes culture language and representation Maps A stone tablet found in a cave in Abauntz in the Navarra region of northern Spain is believed to contain the earliest known representation of a landscape L1 Map projections 9 L1 Cylindrical equal spaced projection Cylindrical equal area projection 10 Brazil vs Alaska Alaska 0 5 million sq miles L1 Brazil 3 2 million sq miles The true size of countries 11 Map projections and distortions Cylindrical equal area projections preserve areas but distorts shapes angles L1 1 12 L1 Cylindrical equal area projections 13 Areas are distorted Distortion increases away from Equator and is extreme in polar regions Map however is conformal in that angles and shapes within any small area is essentially true The map is not equal area or equidistant L1 Mercator projections preserves angles generally preserves shapes 14 L1 Mercator Projection 15 L1 How do we flatten the globe into a map Why is transverse mercator projection important anyway 3 49 video 16 Map Scale Scale tells you what extent the portion of the earth represented on the map has been reduced from its original size to fit on the map Maps and Representation of Space 103 1c L1 Use of maps to represent space also graphs equations models Large small scale maps 1 10 000 is larger than 1 250 000 so it s a large scale map because 1 10 000 means the object is 1 10 000 its size on the ground 18 1 10 000 1 100 000 Simplest measure absolute distance space location examples miles latitude longitude feet meters Relative distance space location Examples perception of distance influences of transport and communication technologies L1 Space vs Location 19 The concept of friction of distance is based on the notion that distance usually requires some amount of effort money and or energy to overcome Technology is reducing the friction of distance L1 Friction of Distance Accessibility 20 Political Economies World economy divided into First world Western Europe North America Japan Australia NZ Second world Former Soviet Union Eastern Europe China planned development communist or socialist states Third world developing countries Fourth world 150 per capita per year LDC least developed countries Many parts of Africa Asia Haiti in the Western Hemisphere What about newly industrializing countries Taiwan NIE 21 22 L2 3 Economic Geography of the World Economy FIGURE 1 7 Major World regions can be divided into the First include second and Third Worlds also called the global North and South Economic Geography of the World Economy continued At any given time the world economy is dominated by one or more core states Which country is dominant now How might this change in the future Economic Geography of the World Economy continued FIGURE 1 8 Average annual world economic growth rates vary as business cycles create boom and bust periods but average between 3 and 5 annually Fluctuations in average growth reflects international recessions the price of oil productivity growth catastrophic events changes in government policies and political turmoil or lack thereof Factors of Production Production output consumption Low production low output less consumption Factors of production land labor and capital technology 26 Four political economic systems 1 Capitalist economies laissez faire 2 Driven by markets Private ownership of production i e factors of production Minimum government intervention Competition keeps prices down Command economies 3 Factors of production owned by central government govt Govt decides what where and how to product and consume e g collectivization of farming who are the buyers Hinders individual incentives economic and political freedom Mixed economic systems Between 1 and 2 e g France Scandinavia Canada Liberal social programs cradle to grave strong govt intervention http ec europa eu internal market smn smn35 p35 en htm What about Japan Strong private ownership but social organization very unindividualistic 27 4 Traditional economies factors of production controlled by many years of social practices and customs in your textbook this includes feudalism it is static religion and church center of life together with noble ruling class discourages change and mobility Driven by religion and cultural values e g Hindu religion considers cows sacred The Sacred Cow The Nepalese constitution specifies that the National Animal of Nepal is the cow 7 2 which is sacred to Hindus and Nepalese law makes killing cows a crime Although a case of a man being jailed for 12 years in 1998 for killing a cow is on record read the report cases are rare High individualism Capitalist economy Low


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