DREXEL PSY 310 - Tobacco Addiction (2 pages)

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Tobacco Addiction



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Tobacco Addiction

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Pages:
2
School:
Drexel University
Course:
Psy 310 - Drugs & Human Behavior

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Tobacco Addiction Adapted from NIH Fact Sheet on Tobacco Addiction Thirty Years Ago The world was tallying the smoking related deaths of more than 75 million people People did not realize that smoking was an addictive behavior and that nicotine was the cause in fact cigarette smoking was widely perceived as a glamorous behavior Even though evidence that smoking caused various diseases was mounting there was no understanding of the mechanisms underlying this association Between 1969 and 1980 the risk of premature mortality from smoking doubled in women and continued to rise in men The 1964 U S Surgeon General s Report the first official statement on the connection between smoking and adverse health consequences produced a general reversal in the previously climbing per capita consumption of cigarettes Since 1965 the prevalence of cigarette smoking among U S adults declined by almost half such that we would have 80 million smokers in America today instead of 45 million without science s contributions Yearly per capita cigarette consumption in the United States Today We now know that nicotine is powerfully addictive and that cigarette smoking is the greatest preventable cause of cancer accounting for at least 30 of all cancer deaths and 87 of lung cancer deaths We also know that persons who quit smoking before age 50 reduce by half their risk of dying in the next 15 years compared with continuing smokers Results of three decades of research informed massive public health education campaigns which inspired dramatic reductions in cigarette use and in smoking related disease and death Prevention and publicity efforts are partly responsible for saving the lives of millions of Americans in the last 30 years A better understanding of the mechanisms underlying nicotine addiction enabled the development of first line therapies such as nicotine replacement based on same strategy as methadone maintenance for heroin addicts by substituting relatively safe source like nicotine



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