DREXEL PSY 310 - Performance-Enhancing Drugs (5 pages)

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Performance-Enhancing Drugs



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Performance-Enhancing Drugs

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Pages:
5
School:
Drexel University
Course:
Psy 310 - Drugs & Human Behavior

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Performance Enhancing Drugs Concerns about Drug Use by Athletes Reasons for concern include Athletes are role models for young people Drugs may provide an unfair advantage during competition Athletes at all levels of ability may risk their health or lives by taking drugs History Ancient Times Early products May not have provided any true physical performance enhancement Probably had only a placebo value Ancient Greek Olympians and Aztec athletes used plant based stimulants Athletic competitions probably developed in tribal societies as a means of training for war or hunting Drugs were also often used for these activities Early Use of Stimulants Strychnine At low doses a CNS stimulant Higher doses may lead to convulsions and death 1904 Olympic marathon winner used brandy and strychnine Despite associated dangers some use of strychnine may have continued into the 1960s Cocaine Available beginning in the 1800s Mariani s coca wine was used by the French cycling team Athletes later used pure cocaine Caffeine Many athletes used coffee and or pure caffeine History Amphetamines Potential benefits over other stimulants More potent than caffeine Safer than strychnine Seemed to be the ideal ergogenic drug Probably in use by athletes soon after they were introduced in the 1930s Many early reports of the use by boxers cyclists and soccer players Examples of adverse events 1950s Olympics Many reports of amphetamine use a few deaths 1960 Olympics One cyclist died several others hospitalized due to amphetamine use International Drug Testing 1960s Some sports began testing athletes but problems continued Example cyclist died during 1967 Tour de France o Amphetamines found in his system 1968 International Olympic Committee established rules to disqualify any athlete who used banned drugs or refused to be tested Scope of testing at the Olympics has continued to expand over time American Football 1960s Many football players used amphetamines during games Attitudes toward amphetamines



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