DREXEL PSY 310 - Chapter 14- Hallucinogens (7 pages)

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Chapter 14- Hallucinogens



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Chapter 14- Hallucinogens

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Pages:
7
School:
Drexel University
Course:
Psy 310 - Drugs & Human Behavior

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Chapter 14 Hallucinogens Animism and Religion Animism Objects attain certain characteristics because of spirits If a plant contains a spirit then eating the plant transfers this spirit to the person who consumes it Psychoactive plants that alter perceptions May have been important in the development of spiritual and religious traditions and folklore in many societies Terminology Phantastica Drugs that create a world of fantasy Psychedelic Mind viewing Implies a beneficial visionary type of effect Psychotomimetic Mimicking psychosis Produces hallucinations and altered reality a state similar to psychosis Entheogen Substances that create spiritual or religious experiences Entactogen Substances that enhance feelings of empathy Hallucinogens A drug that produces profound alterations in perception including unusual visual sensations and often changes in the perception of one s own body Classification Hallucinogens can be classified by Chemical structure Known pharmacological properties How much loss of awareness they cause How dangerous they are Two major groups Phantastica o Alter perceptions while allowing the user to remain in communication with the present world Deliriants o Produce more mental confusion greater clouding of consciousness and a loss of touch with reality Two Groups of Phantastica Indole hallucinogens Drugs that have the same basic indole structure of the neurotransmitter serotonin Examples LSD psilocybin Catechol hallucinogens Drugs that have the same basic catechol structure of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine Examples mescaline MDMA Ecstasy Indole Hallucinogens Phantastica LSD Discovery 1938 Synthesized by Dr Albert Hofmann of Sandoz Laboratories in Switzerland 1943 Dr Hofmann took a large dose and described its hallucinogenic effects Dose was 5 8 times the normal effective dose Potency of the drug attracted attention Comparable effects from mescaline would require 4 000 times the dose Early Research 1950s 1970s a tremendous amount



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