DREXEL PSY 310 - NIHAA- Alcohol & Your Health (15 pages)

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NIHAA- Alcohol & Your Health



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NIHAA- Alcohol & Your Health

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Pages:
15
School:
Drexel University
Course:
Psy 310 - Drugs & Human Behavior
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NIHAA Alcohol Your Health Key Facts and Statistics Drinking Levels Defined Moderate alcohol consumptio n Binge Drinking Heavy Alcohol Use According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015 2020 U S Department of Health and Human Services and U S Department of Agriculture moderate drinking is up to 1 drink per day for women and up to 2 drinks per day for men NIAAA defines binge drinking as a pattern of drinking that brings blood alcohol concentration BAC levels to 0 08 g dL This typically occurs after 4 drinks for women and 5 drinks for men in about 2 hours The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration SAMHSA which conducts the annual National Survey on Drug Use and Health NSDUH defines binge drinking as 5 or more alcoholic drinks for males or 4 or more alcoholic drinks for females on the same occasion i e at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other on at least 1 day in the past month SAMHSA defines heavy alcohol use as binge drinking on 5 or more days in the past month NIAAA s Definition of Drinking at Low Risk for Developing Alcohol Use Disorder AUD For women low risk drinking is defined as no more than 3 drinks on any single day and no more than 7 drinks per week For men it is defined as no more than 4 drinks on any single day and no more than 14 drinks per week NIAAA research shows that only about 2 in 100 people who drink within these limits have AUD Certain people should avoid alcohol completely including those who Plan to drive a vehicle or operate machinery Take medications that interact with alcohol Have a medical condition that alcohol can aggravate Are pregnant or trying to become pregnant Alcohol Facts and Statistics Alcohol Use in the United States Prevalence of Drinking According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health NSDUH 86 4 percent of people ages 18 or older reported that they drank alcohol at some point in their lifetime 70 1 percent reported that they drank in the past year 56 0 percent reported that they drank in the past month 1 Prevalence of Binge Drinking and Heavy Alcohol Use In 2015 26 9 percent of people ages 18 or older reported that they engaged in binge drinking in the past month 7 0 percent reported that they engaged in heavy alcohol use in the past month 2 See Definitions below for definitions of binge drinking and heavy alcohol use Alcohol Use Disorder AUD in the United States Adults ages 18 According to the 2015 NSDUH 15 1 million adults ages 18 and older 6 2 percent of this age group had AUD This includes 9 8 million men 8 4 percent of men in this age group4 and 5 3 million women3 4 2 percent of women in this age group4 About 6 7 percent of adults who had AUD in the past year received treatment This includes 7 4 percent of males and 5 4 percent of females with AUD in this age group Youth ages 12 17 According to the 2015 NSDUH an estimated 623 000 adolescents ages 12 176 2 5 percent of this age group had AUD This number includes 298 000 males 6 2 3 percent of males in this age group7 and 325 000 females 6 2 7 percent of females in this age group7 About 5 2 percent of youth who had AUD in the past year received treatment This includes 5 1 percent of males and 5 3 percent of females with AUD in this age group Alcohol Related Deaths An estimated 88 0008 people approximately 62 000 men and 26 000 women 8 die from alcoholrelated causes annually making alcohol the third leading preventable cause of death in the United States The first is tobacco and the second is poor diet and physical inactivity 9 In 2014 alcohol impaired driving fatalities accounted for 9 967 deaths 31 percent of overall driving fatalities Economic Burden In 2010 alcohol misuse cost the United States 249 0 billion 11 Three quarters of the total cost of alcohol misuse is related to binge drinking 11 Global Burden In 2012 3 3 million deaths or 5 9 percent of all global deaths 7 6 percent for men and 4 0 percent for women were attributable to alcohol consumption 12 In 2014 the World Health Organization reported that alcohol contributed to more than 200 diseases and injury related health conditions most notably DSM IV alcohol dependence see sidebar liver cirrhosis cancers and injuries 13 In 2012 5 1 percent of the burden of disease and injury worldwide 139 million disability adjusted life years was attributable to alcohol consumption 12 Globally alcohol misuse was the fifth leading risk factor for premature death and disability in 2010 Among people between the ages of 15 and 49 it is the first 14 In the age group 20 39 years approximately 25 percent of the total deaths are alcohol attributable Family Consequences More than 10 percent of U S children live with a parent with alcohol problems according to a 2012 study Underage Drinking Prevalence of Underage Alcohol Use Prevalence of Drinking According to the 2015 NSDUH 33 1 percent of 15 year olds report that they have had at least 1 drink in their lives 17 About 7 7 million people ages 12 2018 20 3 percent of this age group19 reported drinking alcohol in the past month 19 8 percent of males and 20 8 percent of females19 Prevalence of Binge Drinking According to the 2015 NSDUH approximately 5 1 million people18 about 13 4 percent19 ages 12 20 13 4 percent of males and 13 3 percent of females 19 reported binge drinking in the past month Prevalence of Heavy Alcohol Use According to the 2015 NSDUH approximately 1 3 million people18 about 3 3 percent19 ages 12 20 3 6 percent of males and 3 0 percent of females 19 reported heavy alcohol use in the past month Consequences of Underage Alcohol Use Research indicates that alcohol use during the teenage years could interfere with normal adolescent brain development and increase the risk of developing AUD In addition underage drinking contributes to a range of acute consequences including injuries sexual assaults and even deaths including those from car crashes Alcohol and College Students Prevalence of Alcohol Use Prevalence of Drinking According to the 2015 NSDUH 58 0 percent of full time college students ages 18 22 drank alcohol in the past month compared with 48 2 percent of other persons of the same age 21 Prevalence of Binge Drinking According to the 2015 NSDUH 37 9 percent of college students ages 18 22 reported binge drinking in the past month compared with 32 6 percent of other persons of the same age 21 Prevalence of Heavy Alcohol Use According to the 2015 NSDUH 12 5 percent of college students ages 18 22 reported heavy alcohol use in the


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