DREXEL PSY 310 - Alcohol and Alcoholism- Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow (3 pages)

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Alcohol and Alcoholism- Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow



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Alcohol and Alcoholism- Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

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Pages:
3
School:
Drexel University
Course:
Psy 310 - Drugs & Human Behavior

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Alcohol and Alcoholism Yesterday Today and Tomorrow Adapted from NIH Fact Sheet on Alcohol Dependence Alcoholism Thirty Years Ago Little then was known about the genetic basis of alcohol dependence or the nervous system changes that occur as a result of prolonged heavy drinking Alcohol dependence was thought to be a disease of middle age Disulfiram Antabuse was the only medication approved for treating alcohol dependence Antabuse produces acute sensitivity to alcohol This sensitivity causes a highly unpleasant reaction when the patient ingests even small amounts of alcohol Other treatments included various behavioral approaches mostly group counseling and referral to Alcoholics Anonymous AA These treatments were only offered in intensive programs provided at specific locations separated from mainstream health care NIH supported research demonstrated that relatively few people with alcohol dependence ever received treatment Today Multiple excellent animal models provide valuable tools for today s researchers NIH supported researchers identified genes that increase an individual s risk for becoming alcohol dependent as well as genes that protect against alcohol problems The neural basis of alcohol dependence was clarified Research showing that drinking is influenced by multiple neurotransmitter systems neuromodulators hormones and intracellular networks provides evidence of a number of potential target sites for which new medications may be developed Clinicians have access to a wide range of treatment options that can be tailored to patients specific needs and a broad array of drinking problems can be effectively treated by non specialists Screening and Brief Intervention one to four repeated short counseling sessions focused on increasing motivation to reduce drinking has recently emerged as an effective strategy for addressing high risk drinking Investigators developed screening tools that allow clinicians to quickly and reliably determine if their patients alcohol



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