DREXEL PSY 310 - Drug Policy (5 pages)

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Drug Policy



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Drug Policy

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Pages:
5
School:
Drexel University
Course:
Psy 310 - Drugs & Human Behavior

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Drug Policy Two Classes of Drug Laws Regulation of legal drugs pharmaceutical companies pharmacists physicians all others who manufacture and dispense Criminalization of certain drugs use possession sales Beginnings of Regulation Issues leading to legislation Fraud patent medicines Morality and race drugs of abuse 3 pieces of legislation inform current drug laws 1906 Pure Food and Drugs Act 1914 Harrison Act 18th Amendment Alcohol Prohibition 1918 Issues Leading to Legislation Fraud in patent medicines sold directly to the public False therapeutic claims Habit forming drug content Opium Opium smoking brought to U S by Chinese workers U S was involved in international drug trade Laws passed against the importation manufacture and use of opium Role of racism Cocaine Present in products o Patent medicines o Coca Cola Viewed as a cause of increasing crime Role of racism 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act Purpose of the legislation Prohibited interstate commerce in misbranded and adulterated food and drugs Misbranding referred only to labeling not advertising Later amendments for Testing for safety Testing for effectiveness Harrison Act of 1914 Purpose of the legislation required those who produce import manufacture compound deal in dispense or give away certain drugs to register and pay a special tax Initially controlled opium and cocaine Later expanded to include other federal controlled substance regulations Two Types of Regulation The Pure Food and Drugs Act 1906 U S Department of Agriculture Goal drugs are pure and honestly labeled Harrison Act 1914 U S Treasury Department Goal taxation of drugs to restrict commerce in opioids and cocaine to authorized physicians pharmacists and legitimate manufacturers Regulation of Pharmaceuticals Purity 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act o Product contents must be accurately listed on the label Initially FDA encouraged voluntary cooperation and compliance 1912 Sherley Amendment outlawed false and fraudulent therapeutic claims on labels Safety



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