UIUC PSYC 100 - Class 18 (social psychology part 1) -- 6 slides (5 pages)

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Class 18 (social psychology part 1) -- 6 slides



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Class 18 (social psychology part 1) -- 6 slides

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5
School:
University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign
Course:
Psyc 100 - Intro Psych
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3 27 18 Social Psychology PSYC 100 Introduction to Psychology Class 18 Social Psychology Outline Announcements Final Exam is scheduled for Friday May 4th from 7 to 9 PM Room 2079 of the Natural History Building Final Exam Review Session is scheduled for Wednesday May 2nd from 5 to 5 50 PM 21 Psychology Building What you ll learn in the rest of this class What is social psychology What is social psychology Conformity obedience Conformity obedience Stereotypes prejudice Stereotypes prejudice How to persuade anyone of anything How to persuade anyone of anything Helping behaviors Helping behaviors What is social psychology Social psychology is the study of how people influence others behavior beliefs and attitudes What is social psychology Humans are a social species We crave strong stable social relationships Being alone is painful 1 3 27 18 What is social psychology What is social psychology Need to belong theory Humans have a biologically based need for interpersonal connections Social contagion We look to others for knowledge or for deciding how to act Social facilitation The presence of others can enhance our performance in certain situations Social comparison theory We seek to evaluate our abilities and beliefs by comparing them to others You can engage in both upward and downward comparisons and it turns out that both can benefit you psychologically E g runners complete a mile faster when running with a partner rather than vs the clock Same results with cockroaches running a maze Social disruption choking can also occur What is social psychology One extremely well replicated finding in social psychology We tend to assume that the things people do are caused by dispositional factors i e things about them like their personality rather than situational factors Downward Comparison Upward Comparison Dispositional He s such a careless driver He never watches out for other cars The Fundamental Attribution Error My video link Situational He probably got caught in some bad traffic and then he was late for a meeting This is called the fundamental attribution error or more recently the correspondence bias What is social psychology In one study students watched their peers being randomly assigned to give a speech that s either proCastro or anti Castro After watching the speech they were asked to guess the speakers true attitudes toward Castro Results 2 3 27 18 What is social psychology What is social psychology Cultural differences in the fundamental attribution error Cultural differences in the fundamental attribution error The Gang Lu example The Gang Lu example Gang Lu was a Chinese physics student enrolled in the PhD program at the University of Iowa On Friday November 1 1991 using a 38 caliber revolver and also carrying a 22 caliber handgun he shot five people to death seriously wounded another and then committed suicide Gang Lu was a Chinese physics student enrolled in the PhD program at the University of Iowa On Friday November 1 1991 using a 38 caliber revolver and also carrying a 22 caliber handgun he shot five people to death seriously wounded another and then committed suicide U S Newspapers mentally unstable darkly disturbed bad temper dispositional attributions Chinese Papers Isolated from the Chinese community had a difficult relationship with his advisor situational attributions What is social psychology The actor observer difference We only fall prey to the fundamental attribution error when explaining other s behavior but not our own What you ll learn in the rest of this class What is social psychology Causes of the fundamental attribution error We may overlook or be unaware of situational forces on people s behavior We may underestimate the power of the situation and may incorrectly guess that there s no way we d make the same mistake We may be unwilling or unable to devote the cognitive resources necessary to think about the problem thoroughly Conformity Obedience What is social psychology Conformity obedience Stereotypes prejudice Conformity in an elevator https www youtube com watch v BgRoiTWkBHU https www youtube com watch v MDD4IkVZWTM How to persuade anyone of anything Helping behaviors 3 3 27 18 Conformity Obedience Conformity Tendency for people to alter behavior in response to group pressures Conformity Obedience The Asch Experiment https www youtube com watch v TYIh4MkcfJA Classic Asch pronounced ash study Subjects in a group asked to compare match line lengths Confederates undercover experimenters picked wrong Participants conformed to the wrong answer 37 of the time across all 12 trials Note Why do all the dead psychologists look so cool Conformity Obedience Conformity Obedience Deindividuation is the tendency of people to engage in uncharacteristic behavior when they are stripped of their usual identities Zimbardo s Stanford Prison Experiment https www youtube com watch v oAX9b7agT9o Conformity Obedience Conformity Obedience What does the prison experiment teach us People conform to their roles even when those roles are arbitrary Good people can do bad things when they blindly conform I would never do anything like this Remember the FAE Now what about obedience Obedience is adherence to instructions from those of a higher authority In many instances obedience is very useful E g laws hierarchies organizations that keep society running smoothly But like conformity blind obedience can be bad 4 3 27 18 Conformity Obedience Stanley Milgram s famous obedience study Told participants they re studying the effects of punishment on memory using a word pair memorization task Conformity Obedience Punishment went all the way up to 450 volts and ranged from slight shock to an ominous XXX Pseudorandomly assigned the roles of Teacher participant Delivers painful shock to the learner for every incorrect answer Learner a confederate A middle aged man with a heart condition Conformity Obedience Conformity Obedience Milgram asked 40 Yale undergraduates to predict what 100 hypothetical teachers would do Most predicted that they d refuse to obey after 150 V Only 0 1 predicted that anyone would reach 450 V Actual results Almost everybody reached 150 V A staggering 62 of teachers reached the max 450 V This result was replicated in a variety of conditions Conformity Obedience Variations on this paradigm Next Time Social Psychology continued Closer proximity between teacher and learner reduced obedience Watching the events rather than participating in them leads to passive


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