UMass Amherst PSYCH 383 - Study Guide for Exam 3 (5 pages)

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Study Guide for Exam 3



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Study Guide for Exam 3

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Pages:
5
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 383 - Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy
Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy Documents

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Study Guide for Exam 3 Psych 383 Exposure Behavior Therapies Understand the main tenets of exposure based therapies learning theory conceptualization of psychopathology key therapeutic processes principles Mowrer s two factor theory of learning below Psychopathology conditioned anxiety avoidance Freud s neurotic paradox failure of maladaptive anxiety to extinguish despite its self defeating nature short term learned behavior decreases anxiety long term learned behavior promotes even more avoidance intensity of anxiety Emotional Processing Theory Foa Kozak traumatic or feared experiences that go unprocessed remain pathologically represented in memory thus must make effort to process the traumatic or feared experience to alter the fear structure Therapy process extinction reduction of conditioned fear anxiety because no longer reinforced by avoidance exposure response prevention E RP activates pathological structure while at same time introduces corrective info that can be transformed into more adaptive memory structure approaches on continuum from gradual to intense and from imaginal to in vivo Therapy principles exposure therapist must stay with exposure based exercise until anxiety at least partially extinguished need to be well disciplined overcome own tendency to avoid producing discomfort in others rationale confidence in treatment are key transparent rationale for tough love in theory no relationship needed to complete treatment principles however relationship can be facilitative empathy trust safety support Know Mowrer s two factor theory of learning 1 Classical conditioning pair aversive stimulus with neutral conditioned stimulus conditioned fear response 2 Operant conditioning conditioned fear anxiety response motivates avoidance of conditioned stimulus avoidance response associated with fear anxiety reduction anxiety reduction reinforces avoidant behavior Generalization stimuli similar to conditioned stimulus elicit similar fear and thus more expansive



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