UMass Amherst ANTHRO 150 - Final Exam Study Guide (4 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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Pages:
4
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Anthro 150 - Ancient Civilizations
Ancient Civilizations Documents

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Definitions include dates location culture and relevance to themes of class Adena time period culture time period 1000 BCE 100 CE moundbuilders that built small local bounds Ahau ajaw political rulership title from Maya civilization Lord King Ruler Classic Period Algonquian ancient culture of Northeast New England famers seasonal sites moved around all year gathered in big numbers in spring b c of fishing brought people together people dispersed again in summer fall winter disperse for hunting buildings were set apart each had own cornfield show had no warfare BEFORE Europeans came wigwams wetu built same as longhouse but smaller used same wigwam over over travelled with them would marry outside community everyone had extensive networks outside community Sachem community leader spokesperson chosen from selected families privileges balanced w responsibilities egalitarians with great social fluidity tribe east of the Berkshires Aztec ethnic group of Central Mexico Tenochtitlan rose to power through military and materialistic defeat of the Toltecs In Valley of Mexico 1150 AD 1519 They stopped because of the Spanish Conquest Southwest of Gulf of Mexico Ball court ball game linked in Maya culture to the hero twins death its overcoming monumental architecture by both the Mayas and Aztecs Bloodletting ritualized self cutting may have cut themselves with jade or stingray spines ritual bloodletting usually done by elites religious figures important in Maya culture Piercing of Tongue catch blood on bark and set bark on fire In the Mayan culture Everyone did it but the nobles did it publicly and more dramatically Nobles used sting ray spines instead of bone Cacao pods chocolate without sugar prestige good Cahokia site of Cahokia now St Louis site of biggest mound site in North America estimated population was 30 000 probably collapsed before Europeans got to Mississippi Largest North American settlement found in St Louis Missouri Has one of the largest pyramids in the world



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