UMass Amherst PSYCH 100 - Exam 2 Cheat Sheet (2 pages)

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Exam 2 Cheat Sheet



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Exam 2 Cheat Sheet

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Pages:
2
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 100 - Introductory Psychology

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Consciousness the awareness of the sensations thoughts and feelings being experienced at a given moment a person s momentary awareness of experiencing sensations thoughts and feelings Altered state of consciousness states that differ from normal waking consciousness Stage 1 sleep the state of transition between wakefulness sleep characterized by relatively rapid low amplitude brain waves alpha waves Stage 2 sleep a sleep deeper than stage 1 characterized by slower more regular wave pattern along with momentary interruptions of sleep spindles theta waves Stage 3 sleep a sleep characterized by slow brain waves with greater peaks and valleys in the wave pattern than in stage 2 delta waves Stage 4 sleep the deepest stage of sleep during which we are the least responsive to outside stimulation delta waves Rapid eye movement REM sleep sleep occupying 20 of an adult s sleeping time characterized by increased heart rate blood pressure and breathing rate erections eye movements and the experience of dreaming skeletal muscle paralysis shallow stage Unconscious Wish Fulfillment Theory Freud s theory that dreams represent unconscious wishes that dreamers desire to see fulfilled manifest content storyline what we remember disguises the latent content actual underlying wishes universal symbols Dreams for Survival Theory suggests that dreams permit information that is critical for our daily survival to be reconsidered and reprocessed during sleep dreaming considered inherited from our animal ancestors whose small brains were unable to go through all the info during waking hours limited brain power dreams are inherently meaningful Activation Synthesis Theory Hobson s theory that the brain produces random electrical energy during REM sleep that stimulates memories stored in the brain neuroscience perspective result of changes in the production of particular neurotransmitters brain excels at making memory meaning out of ambiguous or fragmentary stimuli Reverse Learning Theory dreams



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