UMass Amherst PSYCH 100 - Exam 1 Cheat Sheet (2 pages)

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Exam 1 Cheat Sheet



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Exam 1 Cheat Sheet

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Pages:
2
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 100 - Introductory Psychology

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Psychology the scientific study of mental processes and behavior not just what people do but also their biological activities feelings perceptions memory reasoning and thoughts PhD doctorate of philosophy research degree that requires a dissertation based on an original investigation PsyD doctorate of psychology obtained by psychologists who want to focus on the treatment of psychological disorders Behavioral neuroscience focus on biological basis of behavior Experimental psychologist study the processes of thinking sensing perceiving and learning in the world Cognitive psychology studies higher mental processes including memory knowing thinking reasoning problem solving judging decision making and language Developmental psychology study how people grow and change throughout the life span Personality psychology consider the change and consistency of an individual s behavior as well as individual s differences that distinguish one person s behavior from another s Health psychology study psychological factors that affect physical disease Clinical psychology consider the study diagnosis and treatment of abnormal behavior Counseling psychology focus on educational social and career adjustment problems Social psychology study of how people s thoughts feelings and actions are affected by others Cross cultured psychology examines similarities and differences in psychological functioning among various cultures Wilhem Wundt established first experimental laboratory devoted to psychological phenomena in Germany in late 19 th century Structuralism Wilhelm Wundt s approach which focuses on uncovering the fundamental mental components of consciousness thinking and other kinds of mental states and activities Introspection a procedure used to study the structure of the mind in which subjects are asked to describe in detail what they are experiencing when they are exposed to a stimulus William James American psychologist who led functionalist movement Functionalism an early



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