UMass Amherst PSYCH 100 - exam 4 cheat sheet (2 pages)

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exam 4 cheat sheet



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exam 4 cheat sheet

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Pages:
2
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 100 - Introductory Psychology

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Psychodynamic approaches to personality approaches that assume that personality is primarily unconscious and motivated by inner forces and conflicts about which people have little awareness Psychoanalytic theory Freud s theory that unconscious forces act as determinants of personality Unconscious a part of the personality that contains the memories knowledge beliefs feelings urges drives and instincts of which the individual is not aware ID the raw unorganized inborn part of the personality whole sole purpose is to reduce tension created by primitive drives related to hunger sex aggression and irrational impulses pleasure principle Ego the part of the personality that provides a buffer between the id and the outside world reality principle Superego the personality structure that harshly judges the morality of our behavior conscience ego ideal Psychosexual stages developmental periods that children pass through during which they encounter conflicts between the demands of society and their own sexual urges Fixations conflicts or concerns that persists beyond the developmental period in which they first occur Oral stage according to Freud a stage from birth to age 12 to 18 months in which an infant s center of pleasure is the mouth Anal stage stage from age 12 months to 18 months to 3 years of age in which a child s center of pleasure is the anus Phallic stage stage beginning around 3 years old that a child s pleasure focuses on the genitals Oedipal conflict a child s intense sexual interest in his or her opposite sex parent Identification the process of wanting to be like another person as much as possible imitating that person s behavior and adopting similar beliefs and values Latency period according to Freud the period between the phallic stage and puberty during which children s sexual concerns are temporarily put aside Genital stage period from puberty until death marked by mature sexual behavior that is sexual intercourse Defense mechanisms in Freudian theory



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