UMass Amherst PSYCH 355 - Psych355 Final Exam Study Guide (3 pages)

Previewing page 1 of 3 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Psych355 Final Exam Study Guide



Previewing page 1 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Psych355 Final Exam Study Guide

129 views


Pages:
3
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 355 - Adolescent Psych
Unformatted text preview:

Psych355 Final Exam Study Guide Concepts to understand Emotional autonomy emotional maturity Healthy adolescents and parents do not detach from one another o Peter Blos agrees w Freudian psychoanalytic interpretations of adolescents suggests that adolescents individuate themselves rather than detach o Refers to this as the second individuation process Happens around the 2nd year of life This separation experience from parental dependencies and familial love is crucial to normal adolescent development Kids need parental support for any changes so that they feel comfortable becoming more individual o In order for 2nd individuation to occur need de idealization of parents Kids see parents as all powerful so they need to start viewing them more realistically as people with flaws in order for 2nd individuation to occur It involves shredding of family dependencies and disengagement from parental control a more realistic evaluation of parents Blos Theory 1 Peer group in turn demands some conformity but 2 problems occur a Peer group dependencies become permanent arresting an individual s development you re forced to conform rather than explore your sense of self identity b Individual can be ostracized if he or she declines to meet the peer groups demand of uniformity you don t conform and you re an outcast 2 Relatively weak ego of adolescents results in a heightened vulnerability in personality organization causing them to feel helpless worthless despairing and rage regression 3 For personality reorganization to occur adolescents need to undergo minor periods of turmoil where they gradually develop as a mature self Contempory theories in emotional autonomy o We don t think kids detach from parents we think getting emotional autonomy individuating is a gradual process that occurs of entire course of adolescence It discontinuous take a couple steps forwards then go back it is not a sudden step happens over period of 5 7 years Devaluation of parents is one of the 1st steps in gaining autonomy Similarly they gradually rely on them for emotional validation Middle school kids believe parents are all knowing adolescents begin to question parents more become more snarky sarcastic towards their parents Later adolescents become more friends with your parents development of an egalitarian relationship During times of stress young kids almost always turn to their parents for comfort as adolescents they turn to their peers to talk about emotions conflicts etc they rely LESS on parents for emotional support and MORE on peers Behavioral Autonomy or Self determination Capacity of initiative without relying or depending on parents or family for guidance o EX when your parents are getting divorced as a young child the courts will decide for you but when you become 14 15 years old your opinion on the matter is taken into consideration The ability for competent judgment and self determination increases considerably during adolescence but depend on many factors o Adolescent attitude towards authority perception of risk and benefit temporal perspectives capacities for responsible self reliance and ability to exercise temperance o More developed frontal love ability to think about actions and long term consequences inferential thinking o Adolescents that show opposition to authority are showing reactance decision oppositional reaction we know that they are not thinking longterm thinking about consequences they are acting impulsively oppositional over time they start to see authority as consultants o Teenagers are much more inclined than adults for risk but as they gain maturity they gain better understanding of these risks Decision making competencies distinction between hot cold cognition o Hot actually in the decision making context in the action situation o Cold in the lab doing hypothetical drinking ex asking kids if they would drink and drive Decision making is highly contextual and situational dependent and influenced by 1 The social setting in which the decision is presented a Example if you re a teen surrounded by all adults in a hospital or courtroom they are more knowledgeable about the subject than you are you are more likely to go along with their decision 2 The type of decision sought or the nature of the issue a Type of decision can influence if kids are compliant or not some decisions a teen will think no way this has to do with my body you can t make this decision for me or other decisions they ll think well I don t know a lot about said subject so I will let them make the decision 3 The expression of authority exercised by other e g healthcare providers a Asking for assent healthcare providers are now being trained to be less bossy less paternalistic with teens and instead are trained to get permission from teens while listening to their opinion 4 The effects of family dynamics e g parent child relationships and processes a Some parents will go in and be like this is what we want whereas other parents will push the child to make the decision b Some parents are really supportive and involved others are absent force teens to make the decisions on their own without any guidance 5 Family influence especially parental influence has the potential to profoundly affect adolescents perceptions of freedom a Cold cognition situations given scenario of child being really sick with cancer the teen always asserts self determination b In hot cognition the child almost always allows the parents to be the decision makers they rarely assert self determination Kohlberg s stages of moral development Reciprocity trust and loyalty in friendships Rejected neglected and controversial peers Isolates Cliques Crowd affiliation Peer pressure Gender differences in peer relationships The elements of youth culture Rejection sensitivity Emotional and cognitive synchrony Stages of romantic relationships Adolescent sexual behavior Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation Helplessness performance and mastery orientation Goal setting Expectancy by value theory Teacher efficacy Teacher expectancies School climate Effects of work on school achievement Internalizing and externalizing disorders Positive Youth Development


View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Psych355 Final Exam Study Guide and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Psych355 Final Exam Study Guide and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?