UMass Amherst PSYCH 355 - Psych355 Final Exam Study Guide (3 pages)

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Psych355 Final Exam Study Guide



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Psych355 Final Exam Study Guide

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Pages:
3
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 355 - Adolescent Psych

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Psych355 Final Exam Study Guide Concepts to understand Emotional autonomy emotional maturity Healthy adolescents and parents do not detach from one another o Peter Blos agrees w Freudian psychoanalytic interpretations of adolescents suggests that adolescents individuate themselves rather than detach o Refers to this as the second individuation process Happens around the 2nd year of life This separation experience from parental dependencies and familial love is crucial to normal adolescent development Kids need parental support for any changes so that they feel comfortable becoming more individual o In order for 2nd individuation to occur need de idealization of parents Kids see parents as all powerful so they need to start viewing them more realistically as people with flaws in order for 2nd individuation to occur It involves shredding of family dependencies and disengagement from parental control a more realistic evaluation of parents Blos Theory 1 Peer group in turn demands some conformity but 2 problems occur a Peer group dependencies become permanent arresting an individual s development you re forced to conform rather than explore your sense of self identity b Individual can be ostracized if he or she declines to meet the peer groups demand of uniformity you don t conform and you re an outcast 2 Relatively weak ego of adolescents results in a heightened vulnerability in personality organization causing them to feel helpless worthless despairing and rage regression 3 For personality reorganization to occur adolescents need to undergo minor periods of turmoil where they gradually develop as a mature self Contempory theories in emotional autonomy o We don t think kids detach from parents we think getting emotional autonomy individuating is a gradual process that occurs of entire course of adolescence It discontinuous take a couple steps forwards then go back it is not a sudden step happens over period of 5 7 years Devaluation of parents is one of the 1st steps in gaining autonomy Similarly they gradually rely on them for emotional validation Middle school kids believe parents are all knowing adolescents begin to question parents more become more snarky sarcastic towards their parents Later adolescents become more friends with your parents development of an egalitarian relationship During times of stress young kids almost always turn to their parents for comfort as adolescents they turn to their peers to talk about emotions conflicts etc they rely LESS on parents for emotional support and MORE on peers Behavioral Autonomy or Self determination Capacity of initiative without relying or depending on parents or family for guidance o EX when your parents are getting divorced as a young child the courts will decide for you but when you become 14 15 years old your opinion on the matter is taken into consideration The ability for competent judgment and self determination increases considerably during adolescence but depend on many factors o Adolescent



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