ASU POS 110 - POS 110 (4 pages)

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POS 110



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POS 110

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Chapter 6-8


Pages:
4
School:
Arizona State University, Tempe Campus
Course:
Pos 110 - Government and Politics
Unformatted text preview:

POS 110 Chapter 6 1 Which political figure claimed that our government rests on public opinion Abraham Lincoln 2 Which of the following presidents was the only president to receive an approval rating higher than 90 percent George W Bush 3 Public opinion is the aggregate of individual attitudes or beliefs about certain issues or officials and it is the foundation of any democracy 4 Which term refers to the extent to which people believe their actions affect the course of government efficacy 5 Which of the following best defines political trust the extent to which people believe the government acts in their best interests 6 During President McKinley s administration what was used to gauge public opinion newspaper articles 7 What was wrong with the 1936 Literary Digest poll conducted during the presidential campaign the poll was biased in sampling 8 George Gallup who founded the American Institute of Public Opinion in 1935 correctly predicted the outcome of the 1936 election by generating a random sample of people to participate in surveys 9 Which university founded the Survey Research Center and is now the academic center for all sorts of polling University of Michigan 10 Which of the following is a potential problem with Internet polling Internet polling may be biased against older and poor Americans who are less likely to have Internet access 11 Which type of poll is conducted as voters are leaving the voting booth exit 12 The process by which our attitudes are shaped is called socialization 13 If your parents are Democrats what is the likelihood that you will also identifies yourself as a Democrat about 67 percent 14 What have preliminary studies of twins suggested about the formation of political attitudes Genetics may play a role in the formation of political attitudes 15 The terrorist attacks of September 11 2001 were a defining event that caused Americans to change their views on national security and express a willingness to give up some personal freedom to reduce the threat of terrorism This is an example of generational effect 16 Mariella was a Democrat when she was young but as she got older and began making more money she became a Republican because Republicans have pursued tax policies that protect individual wealth In this case Mariella is choosing a political ideology based upon selfinterest 17 Which concept deals with the psychological attachment that individuals have towards Democrats or Republicans party identification 18 Liberals tend to be and conservatives tend to be Democrats Republicans 19 How did the Framers feel about the public s capacity to be politically informed and make good choices They were concerned about the public s ability to make good political decisions 20 How has party polarization in Congress changed from the 1970s to present It has increased steadily over this period 21 Working class people who support the Republican party because they believe in a conservative social agenda and a decreased role for government welfare based programs are known as Reagan Democrats 22 Overall tend to be the most politically conservative group Protestants 23 Which of the following terms does the text use to describe the differences in political attitudes among men and women gender gap 24 Which of the following is true when it comes to Latinos and African Americans regarding party identification African Americans are more likely to be Democrats than Republicans and both parties compete for Latino support 25 How do college graduates differ in their perspective about immigration reform when compared with those who have a high school education or less College graduates are more in favor of allowing illegal immigrants to become citizens Chapter 7 1 The mass media help ensure government accountability and responsiveness by performing three important tasks informing investigating and interpreting the news 2 Who uncovered the Watergate scandal Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein 3 Which amendment governs freedom of press First 4 Which Supreme Court case limited the government s ability to suppress a news story Near v Minnesota 5 In which Supreme Court case did the court require proof of actual malice in order to convict of libel New York Times v Sullivan 6 Which federal agency is in charge of regulating electronic media Federal Communications Commission 7 Which was a result of the Pentagon Papers Supreme Court decision The government had not met and would have needed to meet an extraordinary burden of proof for prior restraint 8 Who published the influential pamphlet Common Sense which attacked King George Thomas Paine 9 Alexander Hamilton James Madison and John Jay published a series of articles in support of the Constitution that are known as The Federalist Papers 10 Which president started his own newspaper in order to get his message out James K Polk 11 Which assessment of the 1960 debate between Richard Nixon and John F Kennedy is considered correct Most television watchers thought Kennedy won and most radio listeners thought Nixon won 12 The press concealed the health of which president thereby preserving his public image Franklin Delano Roosevelt 13 Which three major networks aired evening news broadcasts in the early 1960s ABC NBC CBS 14 The decline of newspaper readership might affect the public s exposure to hard news 15 Since the 1990s what has happened to newspaper readership It has declined for both younger and older age groups 16 The percentage of Americans who listen to the radio has remained unchanged in the past decade 17 Which factor poses the biggest threat to the television evening news an aging audience 18 Which form of media has enabled the average citizen to most easily express his or her views to a wider audience blogs 19 Facebook is an example of a n social networking site 20 Which model for interpreting public opinion asserts that the news media has only marginal influence on the public s thinking about politics the minimal effects model 21 Selective exposure is the process whereby people secure information from sources that agree with them reinforcing their beliefs 22 By stressing certain issues the media influence what the American public views as the most pressing concerns This effect is called agenda setting 23 When the Bush administration waged war in Afghanistan the media emphasized the issue of fighting terrorism This presented the war in a much more favorable light which is an example of framing 24 According to journalist David Broder


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