U of M ANTH 1001 - Lecture 2 9-5-17 Darwins Theories (24 pages)

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Lecture 2 9-5-17 Darwins Theories



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Lecture 2 9-5-17 Darwins Theories

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Pages:
24
School:
University of Minnesota- Twin Cities
Course:
Anth 1001 - Human Evolution
Human Evolution Documents

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9 6 2017 Evolution Darwin s Theories DARWIN CHARLES ROBERT 1809 1882 2 1 9 6 2017 History of Evolutionary Thought before Darwin You have to know the past to understand the present Dr Carl Sagan 3 Three Paths Leading to the Recognition of Human Evolution 1 Explaining the Variation in Life Forms 2 Recognizing the Antiquity of the Planet 3 Recognizing the Antiquity of Humanity 4 2 9 6 2017 1 Explaining the Variation in Life Forms Aristotle 384 322 BC Father of Natural Science Scala Naturae Great Chain of Being Entrenched in the notion of Platonic idealism or theory of Forms 5 1 Explaining the Variation in Life Forms Adoption by the Christian church Each species is a perfect creation and unchanging essentialism God created humans above all animals Angels above humans 6 3 9 6 2017 2 Recognizing the Antiquity of the Planet Archbishop James Ussher 1581 1656 Genesis Begats Adam begat Seth Adam lived for 930 years Earth was created on Saturday October 22 4004 BC 6 00 PM 7 7 By the end of the Renaissance this left us with two obstacles to developing a scientific theory of evolution Young Age of the Earth Fixity of Species 8 8 4 9 6 2017 2 Recognizing the Antiquity of the Planet Georges Louis Leclerc Comte de Buffon 1707 1788 Cooling experiments Earth could be 3 4 million years old but certainly 75 000 Greatly pushed back the origin of the earth time Empirical studies point of creation Degeneration of life forms due to bad environments 9 9 2 Recognizing the Antiquity of the Planet Charles Lyell 1797 1875 Leading proponent of Uniformitarianism coined by James Hutton Gradualism of Geological processes Acquaintance of Darwin s Contributed to disproving the young Earth hypothesis through the geology of Mt Etna Copyright 2009 Pearson Education Inc 10 5 9 6 2017 2 Recognizing the Antiquity of the Planet Lord Kelvin William Thompson 1824 1907 Cooling body experiments Earth must be 100 million years old we now know it to be 4 5 billion years old 11 1 Explaining the Variation in Life Forms Carolus Linnaeus 17071778 Systema Naturae a hierarchical classification of life Taxonomy Linnaean hierarchy Binomial nomenclature of genus species Homo sapiens Copyright 2009 Pearson Education Inc 12 6 9 6 2017 1 Explaining the Variation in Life Forms Carolus Linnaeus 1707 1778 Systema Naturae a hierarchical Systema Naturae a hierarchical classification of life classification of life Taxonomy Unified classification system Rosa sylvestrishierarchy inodora seu canina Linnaean Rosa sylvestris alba cum rubore folio Binomial nomenclature of genus glabro species gorilla Binomial Homosystem sapiens still used First group humans with apes Whytowas Linnaeus contribution Humans aretoanimals important modern day Not quite an evolutionist evolutionary theory Wikipedia Creative Commons license Mnemonic Did King Phillip Cry Out For Goodness Sake 13 1 Explaining the Variation in Life Forms Georges Cuvier 1769 1832 Comparative Functional Anatomy demonstrating a carnivore i e a lion from its tooth



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