TAMU GEOL 101 - Final Exam Study Guide - Fall2017 (5 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide - Fall2017



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Final Exam Study Guide - Fall2017

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Pages:
5
School:
Texas A&M University
Course:
Geol 101 - Principles Of Geology

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Study Guide Final Exam Online Geology 101 Fall 2017 You will find most of the key points below in the lecture slides posted on eCampus Chapter 9 Geologic Time What are the 5 principles of relative geologic dating Define an unconformity What are the 3 types of unconformities and how are they significant Fossil preservation what normally happens to an organism when it dies Is there a complete fossil record of all types of organisms that have ever lived What are body fossils vs trace fossils Define correlation and how it is used Numerical Dating define isotope and radioactive isotope What is a radioactive half life How does numerical dating work What are the useful aspects of Carbon 14 dating Earth s oldest rocks what where how old Geologic time scale what are eons eras and periods Which period do we now live in Chapter 10 Rock Deformation Define deformation Define confining pressure and differential stress How do rocks deform can any rock deform in a brittle or ductile manner What are the main factors that affect rock deformation Geologic structures Folds what are anticlines synclines domes and basins What is a fault What are normal reverse thrust and strike slip faults Chapter 14 Mountain Building In general most of Earth s mountain belts have been produced by what What are the most significant features of the following Island arc type mountain building Andean type mountain building Alpine type mountain building and 2 examples Cordilleran type mountain building and 1 example in North America Mountain building in divergent margins What are good modern examples of the above types of mountains Define isostasy In what geologic environments do isostatic adjustments take place Chapter 11 Earthquakes What is an earthquake What is elastic rebound theory Define the focus and epicenter of an earthquake What is seismology What are seismographs and seismograms What are the differences between body waves and surface waves What are the characteristics of primary waves and secondary waves What is the difference between earthquake intensity and magnitude What are the two main types of magnitude calculations What happens during the types of destruction associated with earthquakes Liquefaction what is it and why is it significant Ground rupture Landslides mass wasting Fires Tsunamis know their detailed characteristics In what types of geologic environments do earthquakes occur Where are areas of greatest earthquake risk in the U S What are short range earthquake prediction efforts and are they successful What is long range earthquake forecasting What are the two approaches to long range forecasting Chapter 12 Earth s Interior How do we know the characteristics of Earth s internal layers What happens as seismic waves pass through layers having different physical properties How do P waves and S waves reveal information about Earth s interior What are the characteristics of oceanic crust vs continental crust mantle asthenosphere outer core inner core What are the two



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