LIBERTY PHIL 201 - Philosphy Study Guide Lesson 12 (4 pages)

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Philosphy Study Guide Lesson 12



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Philosphy Study Guide Lesson 12

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Pages:
4
School:
Liberty University
Course:
Phil 201 - Philosophy and Contemporary Ideas

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PHIL 201 STUDY GUIDE LESSON 12 What Is Truth Lesson Overview In this lesson we turn our attention to the issue of truth and ask two basic questions what is truth and how do we find it We discuss whether or not anything is actually true and then look at traditional ways that truth has been defined correspondence coherentism and pragmatism We will examine each of these theories and how each relates to truth Tasks View and take notes of the presentation What is Truth Know the strengths and criticisms of the 3 different truth theories 1 coherence theory strengths First it helps to establish truths in an area where we don t know all the facts many systems and non factual areas work this way ethics politics math They all seem to work with this idea that if it fits in well with our theory then in fact that probably makes it true value claims often cohere together with other sets of values and that s what we mean here Coherence theory weaknesses while coherence is a necessary condition for truthit s not a sufficient condition for truth it simply means it doesn t contradict how does one judge the truthfulness of the systems themselves How does one start a system going the coherence theory is that it s not linked at all with the real world It s only linked with systems of beliefs 2 Correspondence Theory Strengths it accords with our most basic intuitions about truth It is simply what most of us mean when we say a proposition is true or false It corresponds with what is actually real A second strength of this theory is that it links truth with reality which provides us with a reliable check on the truthfulness of propositions We have criteria for determining whether a proposition is true or not We simply check with reality to see if a particular proposition accurately corresponds with the facts If it corresponds with the facts then the proposition is true If it doesn t then the proposition is false Correspondence theory weaknesses Some say we may not see reality equally or



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