LIBERTY PHIL 201 - Philosophy Study Guide Lesson 2 (4 pages)

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Philosophy Study Guide Lesson 2



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Philosophy Study Guide Lesson 2

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Pages:
4
School:
Liberty University
Course:
Phil 201 - Philosophy and Contemporary Ideas

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PHIL 201 STUDY GUIDE LESSON 2 Philosophy s General Importance and Divisions Lesson Overview Having discussed what philosophy is we now consider why it is important for all persons in general In the next lesson we will come back to the question of why it is important for Christians specifically to study philosophy In this lesson we introduce the idea of the philosophic mindset We will end by providing an overview of the different branches divisions of philosophy Tasks Read and take notes from Chapter 2 of Foreman s Prelude to Philosophy Why is Philosophy Important As you read make sure to understand the following points and questions What is meant by the philosophical mindset An attitude or an approach to life that involves regularly examining beliefs to ascertain what they mean whether they are true and what value they have A philosophical mindset approaches new information critically It involves questioning reflecting on and considering the meaning value and truthfulness of what we see read or hear How does the job vocation analogy apply to adopting the philosophical mindset Consider the difference between a job and an occupational vocation A job is a task performed in order to receive compensation It is not usually something individuals are tied to in any personal way and it usually does not affect persons in any deep manner A vocation is a way of life to which persons are called They may be compensated for performing their vocation but they are not in it for the money It is a part of who they are it forms an important part of their identity List and explain the 5 reasons provided for why it is important to develop a philosophical mindset 1 Philosophy aids in understanding life better 2 Examining and evaluating our beliefs fulfills our epistemic duties makes life more joyful by satisfying our intellectual appetites and pays proper recognition to the powerful effect our beliefs have on our actions and emotions 3 It aids in the task of clarification 4 Arguing 5 Cultivating a Worldview A comprehensive system by which our knowledge can be categorized and examined What are the 2 benefits of examining and evaluating beliefs 1 Cultivating a Worldview A comprehensive system by which our knowledge can be categorized and examined 2 Fulfills our epistemic duties What are the 2 respects in which clarification is important 1 It is important we are clear about what we believe for our own benefit Our actions motivations and feelings are predicated on our beliefs which means we need to be clear about what those beliefs are Page 1 of 4 PHIL 201 2 Clarifying terms and concepts is of utmost importance because our discussions with others about our beliefs are based on a shared understanding of what those terms and concepts mean Why is clarification important in philosophical discussions Because it is important to make sure that all participants are clear on the meaning of the terms involved If they are not they end



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