LIBERTY PHIL 201 - Philosophy Study Guide Lesson 1 (3 pages)

Previewing page 1 of 3 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Philosophy Study Guide Lesson 1



Previewing page 1 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Philosophy Study Guide Lesson 1

139 views


Pages:
3
School:
Liberty University
Course:
Phil 201 - Philosophy and Contemporary Ideas
Unformatted text preview:

PHIL 201 STUDY GUIDE LESSON 1 What is Philosophy Lesson Overview Welcome to this introductory course in philosophy For our first lesson we are going to examine the question What is philosophy There are 4 ways you can get to know what a discipline is define it describe it contrast and compare it with other disciplines and finally experience it In this first lesson we will aim to accomplish the first 3 of these activities The rest of the course will be an exercise in experiencing philosophy Tasks View and take notes of the presentation Misconceptions about Philosophy Read and take notes on Prelude to Philosophy Chapter 1 What is Philosophy As you read make sure you understand the following points and questions List 4 reasons students often presuppose a low view of philosophy 1 The image that one has to be superintelligent to do philosophy 2 As a discipline most students study it late in their academic development 3 Most people don t think it s practical 4 Most students don t know what philosophy is or how it can benefit them Know Socrates quote What is the unexamined life What did he mean when he said it wasn t worth living Socrates didn t mean that people have no value or should be executed if they lived unexamined lives Humans are unique in the animal kingdom we have the ability to reason and reflect about everything What he meant was To live the unexamined life is to live less than a fully human life not living life the way we were created to live Know the etymology of the word philosophy The combination of two Greek terms phileo and sopos Phileo means love sophos means wisdom Know the working definition of philosophy and explain each of its elements Philosophy is the critical examination of our foundational beliefs concerning the nature of reality knowledge and truth and our moral and social values List and explain each of the 6 characteristics under the description of philosophy 1 The relationship between philosophy and facts philosophers are generally more interested in what lies behind the facts their meaning significance and veracity than in the facts themselves 2 The importance of method in philosophical investigation why someone believes something more so than what they believe 3 clarification clear thinking is imperative in finding truth Two enemies to clear thinking is ambiguity and vagueness 4 Philosophy examines and evaluates everything nothing is taken for granted Every belief and idea is open to critical examination Clarification and justification are required before accepting any belief to be true PHIL 201 5 Philosophy is usually concerned with foundational issues that have been perennial throughout the history of humankind 6 Philosophy often appeals to systems of principles or guidelines regarded to be true either reject new claim to be true or adjust system to adapt to the new claim Philosophers build systems of beliefs and philosophical examination doesn t begin from a neutral position Contrast and compare philosophy with religion science and art How are they different and how are they similar 1 Philosophy and Religion compared Both search for the ultimate that which has the ultimate meaning and value the one thing that unifies everything and from which everything finds it s meaning and origin contrasted Religion usually appeals to some authoritative revelation to discover the truths about the ultimate philosophy uses rational inquiry in attempting to understand the ultimate A spiritual aspect normally isn t found in philosophy 2 Philosophy and Science compared Both try to understand reality in a methodical fashion They both use observation and appeal to evidence to support their conclusions They both derive criteria hypotheses and theories that they apply to specific situations to discover the truth about reality contrasted Science generally examines that part of reality associated with the senses the physical world philosophies field extends outside of physical reality to what lies beyond Also science deals with first order questions about reality philosophy deals with second order questions about disciplines like science 3 Philosophy and Art compared artists often use their medium to express philosophical ideas they both also often deal with similar topics and artists capture what some modern philosophers promote contrasted Art usually only coveys a particular philosophical view whereas philosophy seeks the rational justification of a view Philosophy argues for a view art expresses it Art is concerned mostly with structure philosophy is concerned mostly with content Explain the value of experiential knowledge in distinction to propositional knowledge Experiential knowledge enhances our understanding beyond what propositional knowledge can convey Terms Make sure you fully understand the following terms and concepts The unexamined life Going through daily routine activities life without thinking about what you re doing and why you re doing it going through the motions of life without making the effort to reflect and think about what life is about The rational animal man is a substance corporeal living sentient and rational Presupposition beliefs people usually do not think about or try to prove First order discipline A field that directly studies reality Second order discipline A field that studies the methods and presuppositions of first order disciplines It s not interested in the conclusion but the means used to arrive at the conclusion and the PHIL 201 Normative claim Makes a claim about some actions persons ought to do Socrates unexamined life claim was a normative claim Wisdom Wisdom has less to do with how much one knows and more to do with how one uses the knowledge they have Wisdom is knowledge applied using the knowledge one has in a way that benefits life Philosophy the critical examination of our foundational beliefs converning the nature of reality knowledge and truth and our moral and social values Critical examination To analyze Clarification To determine what something means Justification Addresses the questions Is this true and are there good reasons to believe it s true Evaluation Determines the significance or value of the idea Foundational beliefs the beliefs that are central and fundamental to an everall worldview and yet are often not thought about presuppositions held while attempting to answer the question Ambiguous open to more than one interpretation Vague thinking or communicating in an unfocused or imprecise way Worldview


View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Philosophy Study Guide Lesson 1 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Philosophy Study Guide Lesson 1 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?