UNO URBN 1000 - Chapters 14 15 and 16_The Developing World.pptx (37 pages)

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Chapters 14 15 and 16_The Developing World.pptx



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Chapters 14 15 and 16_The Developing World.pptx

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City Planning and Urban Studies


Pages:
37
School:
University of New Orleans
Course:
Urbn 1000 - Introduction to Cities

Unformatted text preview:

URBN 1000 Introduction to Cities PART I WHAT IS A CITY DEFINITIONS ORIGINS GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES Class Outline Cities in the Developing World Global Cities Informal economy and housing What is the developing world Developed world Western industrialized nations W Europe United States Japan Canada Australia New Zealand Developing world everyone else poorer countries of the world the so called Third World The developing world have a unique history that is different from the Western world These regions had indigenous cities that fell under the control of colonization primarily Europe underwent extreme exploitation of humans and resources and eventually after much violence gained independence throughout the last 200 years Cities in the Developing World Today These cities are experiencing some of the most rapid rates of population and human growth Population growth is outpacing by far the population growth of cities in the Western world The economic well being of these cities is linked to a world systems economy the global economy Example Mexico City 1910 population 720 753 1930 1 23 million 1950 3 million 1970 6 8 million Today 8 8 million Symbolizes the global city of inequality Tens of thousands of people immigrating to the city Unequal distribution of resources Extreme gaps between the rich and the poor Primate Cities Primate city Large cities in a region that are extremely large compared to other cities in the country These types of cities predominate in the developing world In some cases a single city is home to more than half of a country s total urban population Paris 9 6 million Marseilles 1 3 million Studying the Developing World Developing world also referred to as the global south It s extremely problematic to cluster all that is non Western into one big group called the developing world Huge differences between physical and human geographies Africa over 1 000 spoken languages Asia 4 major cultural traditions China India Japan SE Asia Latin America varies immensely from country to country in terms of population composition resources economic development Middle East Western Asia huge variations similar to Latin America Language Defining the Developing World Classification schemas Developed world vs The Developing World First World vs Third World based off industrialization Core vs Periphery The Global South vs The Global North These categories are based off economic classifications Economic development country s revenue GDP inequality Critique creates an urban hierarchy Doesn t actually represent the world today China India Brazil Thailand and Korea are NICs newly industrializing countries increasingly important and influential global economic powers European Dominance and Colonization Colonization Example Tenochtitl n Conquered by Cort s 1521 massive wiping out of indigenous populations through mass killings and deadly epidemics In a single century it is estimated that the indigenous population went from 25 million to 1 million After



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