UNO URBN 1000 - Chapters 9 and 10_Sex, Gender, Race, and Ethnicity.pptx (25 pages)

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Chapters 9 and 10_Sex, Gender, Race, and Ethnicity.pptx



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Chapters 9 and 10_Sex, Gender, Race, and Ethnicity.pptx

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Discrimination today, Sex v Gender v Race v Ethicity


Pages:
25
School:
University of New Orleans
Course:
Urbn 1000 - Introduction to Cities
Unformatted text preview:

URBN 1000 Introduction to Cities Part 3 Understanding the City Theoretical Perspectives Class Outline social construction sex gender immigration diversity race ethnicity Social construction Social construction sociological idea that we culturally and socially label and identify people and phenomena and that their behaviors and patterns of socialization ought to act in accordance with societally approved norms and values We often mistake expected human behavior as biological it s natural or inherent when it s actually socially constructed Socialization Individuals learn and internalize customs habits values and patterns of behavior Institutions socialize us education religion economy government the home etc http www buzzfeed com leonoraepstein the magical evolution of the easy bake oven hkvj2dM1X Social construction Example Sex vs gender Sex biological category biological chromosomes XX female XY male Gender sociological category social construction of how a sex ought to behave eg girls can t play with trucks and boys can t play with Barbies masculine and feminine butch flamboyant Transgender FTM MTF There is nothing biological that states boys can t wear dresses or girls can t be football players we are socially constructed to believe so we believe it is natural it is not Gender and Urban History Space in urban places has historically been gendered space and women and men think differently about urban space Eg women are socialized to travel in groups in cities at night Social research in general has focused on the white male experience and women in history have been downplayed In urban research historically men public spaces work women private spaces home subordination to the husband Female domesticity women s role is to provide a nurturing home environment and the kitchen is the woman s sphere Early feminists fought against patriarchy created 1950s suburbia Sexism in 1950s ads 1950s Gender Norms If your husband discovers you re buying bad coffee Gender today Today more women are working than ever before but still get paid 78 cents to the male dollar for the exact same job Louisiana has the largest pay gap of any state in America Women attend college and graduate at higher rates than men then ever before but are unrepresented in STEM fields Second shift women work 9 5 but still carry the major responsibilities of housekeeping and child rearing but men are not equally splitting these parental duties mansplaining Double standards of men vs women toxic masculinity Inequality at Work glass ceiling the inability of women to reach the top of the corporate ladder 2005 only 23 Fortune 500 companies had female CEOs 4 Women are 20 of U S Senators 19 of U S House 19 of Congress 25 of state executive positions governor state legislators and senators These numbers represent a disconnect to the fact that women make up 50 of the U S population glass escalator when men enter traditional women jobs but rise to the top faster than women themselves Sexual harassment quid pro quo vs hostile work environment 2014 W W Norton Co Inc U S Immigration 4 major historical waves 1 Early colonial British Scottish and northern Irish 2 1820 1880 Irish Germans and Scandinavians 3 1880 1920s Jews Italians Slavic Polish and Greeks 4 1960s today Latinos and Asians Diversity in America Racial minorities are 37 of the U S population 25 in 1990 Non Hispanic Whites 62 Hispanic Latino 17 ethnicity Black 13 Asian 7 American Indian 1 Native Hawaiian Pacific Islander 0 2 Demographers predict that the U S will no longer be white majority by 2043 with Hispanics being the majority race Hispanics overtook blacks as the largest minority in the United States after the 2000 Census 2010 California 58 minority Changing Demography of America Today the Latino population is growing 5x faster than the population as a whole 2 3 of which are due to birth not immigration Latinos don t identify as one big community rather they identify with their nationality Mexican Honduran Cuban etc By comparison 2 3 of Asian population growth is due to migration not birth thus making them the fasting growing ethnic group in the U S and they are often viewed as the model minority highest rates of education and income Native Americans rural not urban reservations extreme poverty high drug use and alcoholism rates gambling addiction Race as defined by the U S Census 2020 Cenus Studying diversity Assimilation the process whereby a population group s culture comes to resemble the dominant culture thus losing some aspects of the subordinate culture Do racial minorities assimilate into the melting pot of U S mainstream society Occurs through contact socialization force agency laws etc Who decides what is what is not mainstream Cultural pluralism process whereby minority groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities and their values and practices are accepted by the mainstream culture as long as the minority group obeys the laws and values of the dominant society U S assimilation Race in the United States Race is a social construction Race is a social construction an agreed upon concept or phenomenon that groups people based upon perceived likeness of characteristics that are physical but not biological Belief that there are 3 or 4 or 5 or even 10 distinct non overlapping races with well defined differences Reality of mixed ancestry and within race diversity is downplayed Tied to popular ideas of biological evolution developed in scientific racism of 19th century higher races are more evolved or more fit http www pbs org wgbh frontline film class divided What is race Race socially defined but on the basis of physical criteria 99 9 of human genetic characteristics are common to all Artificial creation to put people in boxes based on appearance Related to issues of power dominance and subordination What race you are in the US has enormous social economic and political consequences that will affect you as a person Very difficult to reverse these categories they have been in use for hundreds of years and most people today see them as inherently natural and rigidly defined 3 races dating back to natural selection 50 000 years ago and these races had to adapt to different geographic challenges Immigration and Race Debunked http www nytimes com interactive 2009 03 10 us 2009031 0 immigration explorer html https www youtube com watch v jQ 0bqWKO k https www youtube com watch v epRJZV78iyU https www youtube com watch v aosT6Kecj24 Defining


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