UNO URBN 1000 - Chapter 11_Gentrification.pptx (44 pages)

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Chapter 11_Gentrification.pptx



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Chapter 11_Gentrification.pptx

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breakdown of cities classism and where people live and why


Pages:
44
School:
University of New Orleans
Course:
Urbn 1000 - Introduction to Cities

Unformatted text preview:

URBN 1000 Introduction to Cities Part 2 U S Cities Historical and Modern Perspectives Class Outline urban crisis vs urban revival Gentrification Post K New Orleans suburban investment urban disinvestment Did the immediate post WWII suburb 1945 1960 cause rapid social and economic destruction in the inner city True and false true but not immediately after Inner city blacks actually worst off in inner cities after the Civil Rights Movement than they were before the movement Started really in late 1960s and rapidly into the 1970s Shift of people and businesses takes middle class away from the city taking their disposable income with them Suburbs destroys downtown commerce in favor of malls Inner city decay popular media images in the 1970s and 1980s Example urban housing projects rise of the ghetto st 21 Century Urbanism Cities and suburbs are constantly changing over time 20th century urban crisis vs 21st century urban revival 1970s and 1980s inner cities urban crises High crime rates Poor public education Government abandonment of social welfare programs High rates of poverty Poor housing stock and dismal city infrastructure Eroding tax base due to white flight Deindustrialization https demographics virginia edu DotMap index html Anti urbanism 1970s but as early as the 1940s 1990s today urban revival The 2000s witnessed Americans rediscovering the city center urban renaissance of American cities No longer just urban problems now suburban problems too Urban crime declined nationwide by 2 3 b w 1994 and 2014 Key idea changes in cities and suburbs happen not because of individual choice s but because of structural decisions made by powerful social economic political entities that therefore influence our choices structure vs agency investment in one area leads to disinvestment in another Urban revival is highly uneven and unequal and not all benefit Convention Centers Convention centers are one example of an economic growth strategy to revive major downtowns Ernest N Morial New Orleans Convention Center Strategically located at intersection of French Quarter CBD and Warehouse District and Canal Street Location near Harrah s Casino the Port of NOLA many hotels and restaurants and the newly reopened River walk Mall Draws many national conventions and promotes tourism Opened 1984 as part of World Fair in NOLA 1 1 million sq ft 5th largest in country 2nd busiest before Katrina Ernest N Morial Convention Center New Orleans Convention Center New Orleans Convention Center Future Expansion Gentrification Gentrification The social cultural economic process of urban neighborhood change where middle class oftentimes white and college educated individuals move into poor primarily black and ethnic neighborhoods bringing economic investment and capital after years of disinvestment They rehabilitate historic and culturally rich housing shotguns in NOLA which in turn raises property values but also displaces and out prices the poor residents who have lived NOLA



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