UNO URBN 1000 - Chapter 5_US Metropolitan Growth.pptx (15 pages)

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Chapter 5_US Metropolitan Growth.pptx



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Chapter 5_US Metropolitan Growth.pptx

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Big city, the big, gowth, ups and downs


Pages:
15
School:
University of New Orleans
Course:
Urbn 1000 - Introduction to Cities
Unformatted text preview:

URBN 1000 Introduction to Cities Part 2 U S Cities Historical and Modern Perspectives Class Outline Metro Area Growth Metropolitan expansion S E Louisiana super region Detroit Cleveland and Phoenix Modern urbanization 2010 census shows that the 100 largest metro areas occupy only 12 of the nation s land area but house 2 3 of the population and generate 75 of the national GDP However our cities have changed both physically and economically Economic industrial manufactured jobs service based postindustrial Physical urban space centripetal inward centrifugal outward Geographic Rustbelt sunbelt Cities vs Metro areas Metropolitan area a large population center and its adjacent communities high degree of economic and social integration City of New Orleans 2015 estimate 389 617 Majority of metro area population growth in U S cities are increasing in the outer parts of the metro area not the inner historic denser urban core 49th largest city 2000 484 674 2010 343 829 New Orleans metro area 1 262 888 people 46th largest Roughly 2 3 of metropolitan area populations are in the suburbs Periphery growth suburbs exurbs edge cities Metropolitan Areas Over 1 2 of Americans live in the 51 largest metropolitan statistical areas MSAs having a population 1 000 000 Largest 9 U S metro areas 5 000 000 house 1 3 of U S population New Jersey is 100 metropolitan area covered 90 of state population lives in metro areas California Maryland Connecticut Rhode Island Florida Massachusetts and New York Metropolitan areas U S Metro Areas Metro Areas and Jobs Over 4 5th of the nation s office spaces are located on the urban fringe particularly in industrial parks eg Elmwood Since 1980 the average commute is not suburb to city but rather suburb to suburb Why the shift from rustbelt to sunbelt AND from CBD to periphery of metro area Factories assembly lines need room easier to move goods in a long horizontal factory that s one floor rather than moving b w floors in a skyscraper but banks and law firms operate well in skyscrapers Cheaper lower rates of unionization lower wages to pay workers 19th century city steam power 20th century electricity Jobs in the CBD vs Jobs in the Industrial Park Industrial Parks Elmwood Louisiana Major Shopping Zones Jefferson Parish Shopping Zone 2014 sales tax revenue 2015 sales tax revenue Lakeside 19 8 million 20 4 million 3 Clearview 7 1 million 7 3 million 2 9 Oakwood 7 2 million 7 5 million 3 Elmwood Jefferson Hwy 43 million 45 million 5 Manhattan Blvd Harvey 30 million 30 2 million 0 75 Total 107 4 million 110 7 million 3 Industrial Parks New Orleans Baton Rouge Houma Thibodaux super region NOLA BR Houma Thibodaux super region The NOLA BR and Houma Thibodaux super region 1 000 000 jobs 2 400 000 people S E Louisiana super region is comparable in jobs and population to the Orlando metro larger than the San Antonio metro and eclipses the Raleigh Durham super region These 3 metros represent 55 of the state s jobs and 53 of the state s population http www datacenterresearch org reports analysis strength ening economic ties utm source newsletter utm medium email utm content http 3A www datacenterresearch org reports analysis strengthening economic ties utm campaig n Economic 20Ties U S Megapolitans Detroit Deindustrialization http detroiturbex com content ba feat index html Celeveland documentary http www lincolninst edu subcenters making sense of place cleveland Phoenix documentary https www youtube com watch v y0qOD0l9dbQ


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