UNO URBN 1000 - Chapter 4_Urban Political Economy Theory.pptx (11 pages)

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Chapter 4_Urban Political Economy Theory.pptx



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Chapter 4_Urban Political Economy Theory.pptx

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political motives and planniing; Marx etc


Pages:
11
School:
University of New Orleans
Course:
Urbn 1000 - Introduction to Cities

Unformatted text preview:

URBN 1000 Introduction to Cities Part 3 Understanding the City Theoretical Perspectives Class Outline Chicago School to LA School Political economy Urban growth machines Critical Urban Sociology Also known as urban political economy early 1970s Critiqued Chicago School of urban sociology which focused on where things are and description rather than analysis 1920s Also critiqued the political and social upheaval of the 1960s Also known as Postmodernism and The Los Angeles School Focus distribution of wealth and political power in cities Uneven development eg Uptown vs 9th Ward Why does inequality exist Because of conflict between Chicago School economic competition just like competition in the evolutionary world survival of the fittest natural LA School policy makers and corporations make decisions Chicago School vs L A School Chicago School Los Angeles School 1920s and 1930s older more centric rustbelt industrial cities 1970s and 1980s newer sprawled out sunbelt cities Ecological biological models cities as organisms with nuclei Critiqued 1960s social upheaval and helps explain post deindustrialization Focuses on description and where things Focuses on challenging assumptions of city are located in cities life and analyzes the why and how Sees inequality as naturally occurring through economic competition Sees inequality as occurring because of deliberate government economic policies Scientific method of North American cities Theoretical methods and globalization Los Angeles Urban Political Economy An updated version of traditional urban economics Late 1960s early 1970s because traditional economics fails to understand the current inequality of cities Argues that profit making and capitalism shape cities How to explain The dramatic decline of industrial jobs in American cities Movement of millions of people to the suburbs Movement of people from the Snowbelt to the Sunbelt Intensifying financial problems of U S cities Urban Political economy City form growth is not natural Government shapes the economy redistributes resources Decisions made by people and organizations with power and Neighborhoods don t just naturally grow because of an ecological process segregation happens b c of government policies and economic investment Works to foster capitalism and also provides safety nets bailouts Economic restructuring drives changes in urban form Example of the city disinvestment and suburban investment Cities exist within a global urban hierarchy Urban Growth Machines Who are the important decision makers in North American cities and why do they do what they do An application of abstract versus social space Urban growth coalitions bankers investors businesspeople corporate owners developers politicians seek investment and profit in cities promoting the city s image to stimulate the city s economy Local residents social space New Orleans we invest the most money in downtown CBD Superdome area French Quarter Why Urban Areas as Themed Environments The



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