UNO URBN 1000 - Chapter 1_Intro to Cities.pptx (34 pages)

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Chapter 1_Intro to Cities.pptx



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Chapter 1_Intro to Cities.pptx

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into to the study of urban life


Pages:
34
School:
University of New Orleans
Course:
Urbn 1000 - Introduction to Cities

Unformatted text preview:

URBN 1000 Introduction to Cities Ch1 Intro to Cities Why study the City Deciding what is Urban The Urban Transformation Region Redefined The New Orleans Advocate Why Study the City Fascination with urban places In North America 4 out of 5 of us live in urban places or center our lives around cities To study the city is to study ourselves social phenomena and social problems World s urban population 1900 9 1950 30 2009 50 The City Both Good and Bad Cities do not exist by themselves people create cities Do cities have to be the way they are Can we fundamentally change our cities The city as a setting for social life Social physical buildings economic political spiritual psychological artistic etc Problems poverty segregation crime mass incarceration Deciding what is Urban What is urban How do you define it Do we know urban when we see it Urban derived from Latin word urbanus meaning characteristic of or pertaining to the city Possible criteria functions for defining urban Administrative function state capital Economic function Fortune 500s in NYC Functional nature Milan and fashion hub Population size or population density NOLA most populous in state New Orleans metro area Cities What are the cities in the New Orleans metro area How does the U S define urban U S definition based upon population Defined by the United States Census which does a population count every ten years 1980 1990 2000 2010 so forth U S Census definition for urban places of 2 500 persons urban vs city Just because an area is urban does not necessarily mean it is a city In the US to be a city is to have a mayor city budget police force etc A city is a large urban area that is dense heterogeneous in diversity and has a large population Urban Clusters in the US Worldwide Urban Population Worldwide Percent Urban 1960 Worldwide Percent Urban 1980 Worldwide Percent Urban 2011 Worldwide Percent Urban 2025 The Urban Transformation 1800 Beijing China the only city with a population of 1 000 000 residents Today 392 cities Urbanization is a process the changes resulting from people moving into cities and other densely populated areas Can be deliberate and planned or spontaneous and unplanned naturally occurring Alternates the social and physical structure and organization of that area Levels of Urbanization Metropolitan area a large population center and its adjacent communities high degree of economic and social integration Micropolitan area geographic entity where 10 000 population 50 000 Megaregion overlapping of 2 or more metropolitan areas such as the N E NYC Boston D C Philly etc Megacity a metropolitan area that constitutes its own megaregion because the population 10 000 000 3 in 1975 to 23 in 2011 1 in 11 people live in a megacity today Global city aka world city a city that exercises considerable economic power worldwide and attracts global investments London New York Paris and Tokyo Where does New Orleans fit into this New



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