U of M ANTH 1001 - ANTH_1001_2017_Fall_Midterm_1_FORM_A_KEY (11 pages)

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ANTH_1001_2017_Fall_Midterm_1_FORM_A_KEY



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ANTH_1001_2017_Fall_Midterm_1_FORM_A_KEY

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Pages:
11
School:
University of Minnesota- Twin Cities
Course:
Anth 1001 - Human Evolution
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Name Student ID Section Anthropology 1001 Midterm Exam Form A Step 1 Put the following information on this booklet Name Student ID Section Step 2 Put the following information on your bubble sheet Name Student ID Section Form A Step 3 Take a deep breath and answer the exam questions Please select the best answer for each question There is only one correct answer for each question Circle your answer in this booklet and fill in your answer on the bubble sheet You will turn in both of them and you can pick up this booklet from your TA Step 4 When finished turn in the exam to either Leave through the far east or far west door and turn in your bubble sheet and this booklet to the TA at the table you will need to show the TA your photo ID Only if you have forgotten your ID quietly find your TA and turn your bubble sheet and this booklet to them A 1 The common ancestor of primates and raccoons DID have five digit hands but that ancestral mammal s hands WERE NOT modified for complex digital manipulation Therefore the presence of hands in primates and raccoons is an example of but the presence of complex manipulative ability is an example of A Genetic drift Gene flow B Convergence Homology C Mutation Cladistics D Homology Convergence E Macroevolution Microevolution 2 The picture above is an illustration of the children s book character Curious George created by Hans and Margret Rey Considering the above picture Curious George is most likely based on which of the following primates A New World Monkey B Old World Monkey C Ape D Lemur E Tarsier 3 Which of the following is a non random mechanism of evolution A Founder s effect B Sexual selection C Gene flow D Genetic drift E Mutation 4 Which of the following best matches the view of biological evolution in the modern synthesis A Evolution is an expression of cosmic striving for perfection B Evolution is the change in frequency of phenotypes in a population from one generation to the next C Evolution is the change in frequency of alleles in a population from one generation to the next D Evolution is the improvement of organisms over time E Evolution is the emergence of advanced forms from lower forms For questions 5 6 use the picture below to answer the following questions 5 This is a bone from a human skeleton Which bone is it A Scapula B Femur C Innominate D Humerus E Ulna 6 Which feature of this bone is indicated by the arrow A Glenoid fossa B Acetabulum C Patellar surface D Acromion process E Scapular head 7 What valuable insight does the Hardy Weinberg equilibrium provide for evolutionary theory A Everything in nature occurs for a reason B For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction C For every new species that evolves some existing species must become extinct D Allele frequencies are not expected to change without the operation of some mechanism of evolution E None the conditions required for this equilibrium are unrealistic and therefore irrelevant for evolutionary theory 8 According to Wrangham s model of primate social behavior males map onto female distribution because A Food resources are the limiting factor for female reproductive success B Females are the limiting factor for male reproductive success C Males have a higher chance of ensuring paternity if they stay in close proximity to females D Males that prioritize food rather than females are unlikely to achieve high reproductive success E All of the above 9 The evolution of human languages resembles biological all of the following ways EXCEPT A Languages change word by word just as species change gene by gene B Languages and species are not Platonic ideals but are instead populations with fuzzy boundaries C In both languages and species variation represents mistakes and thus degeneration from the ideal form D Languages and species both vary geographically E For both languages and species relationships are well represented with tree like diagrams due to descent with modification For questions 10 11 please use the following information In domestic cats hair length is primarily controlled by a single gene which has two alleles H for long hair and h for short hair H is dominant and h is recessive 10 The genotype hh is called A Homozygous dominant B Homozygous recessive C Heterozygous dominant D Heterozygous recessive E Indeterminate 11 A short haired kitten is born to a long haired mother We can infer that the mother s genotype must be A HH B Hh C hh D A or B E B or C 12 Allopatric speciation results from which of the following situations A Ecological factors create multiple phenotypes in a single population B Two closely related species undergo gene flow thus creating new traits C Mating between populations is prevented by failure to recognize potential mates D Mating within populations is prevented by failure to recognize potential mates E Geographic separation exposes daughter populations to different selection pressures resulting in diverging adaptation to the different local circumstances 13 In England before the Industrial Revolution peppered moths were mainly light colored allowing them to hide more effectively from predators on tree trunks However following the Industrial Revolution darkcolored peppered moths became more common in areas where pollution darkened tree trunks All of the following are necessary and sufficient conditions for this famous case of natural selection EXCEPT A There is variation within the moth population some are dark colored and some are light colored B The coloration of the moth is an inherited trait C Dark colored moths blended in with pollution darkened tree trunks better than light colored moths D Light colored moths consciously attempted to darken their appearance E Light colored moths were more likely to be found and eaten by predators in polluted areas 14 Which of the following is NOT a testable hypothesis A The earth is 6000 years old B Species don t change over time C Fossil layers are the result of mass flooding events D A maximum of 8 6766 1049 angels can dance on the head of a pin E Over time the remains of some dead organisms turn into fossils 15 Gregor Mendel s experimental studies with pea plants contributed to the study of genetics by formulating the following postulates A Particles of inheritance later called genes occur in pairs B Genetic information is inherited from both parents but some of this genetic information is hidden not expressed in traits C During gamete production homologous alleles segregate randomly


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