SBCC ANTH 103 - kevin and stacy (4 pages)

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kevin and stacy



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kevin and stacy

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4
School:
Santa Barbara City College
Course:
Anth 103 - Intro To Cultural Anthropology
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1 Armchair anthropology is a term use to defining a person with the knowledge from book but does not have a physical experience In other word person with the idea of a theory but the thoughts was not earned by his her ability As it was presented in Part 1 of Tales from the Jungle Malinowski Malinowski earned his idea of thoughts from the tourist s journal books and the researches of someone else s which mean the ideas were not proved or examined by Malinowski himself So the thoughts were not earned by his ability Since he had limited sources of data his idea was performed in the boundary of the data which he had collected 2 Ethnocentrism is defined as a tendency to view alien groups or cultures different from their own from the perspective of one s own According to Part 1 of Tales from the Jungle it was clearly shown that Malinowski considered unknown culture as the savages which means uncivilized barbarous these cultures were portrayed as opposite of his own culture He believed that these savages were not fully developed as his culture which was civilized So from his perspective they were not possessing product of the culture He had a view of the ethnocentrism 3 In Part2 Malinowski determines that the Australian Aborigines actually have a family First he concluded that the interaction of two different genders was different from our structure of a family However he observed the photos and description of who is intersecting with whom all the travelers account and the data of the original family life By this examination he has found that the Australian Aborigines has the member whom they eat cook and live together in the long term basis Also the children were preforming an intimate relationship with the adults from the group they were in a part of So Malinowski came up with the fact that these living conditions were very much alike from our terms of a family It was shown that Malinowski as armchair anthropologists relied on the perception and the research data of the others All the data he had collected were not accurate Instead he found somewhat different in his observation 4 In the book Cultural Anthropology A Concise Introduction define Kula ring as a classic example of balanced reciprocity in the Trobriand Island an archipelago located off the eastern shores of New Guinea Two kinds of valuables are involved white armshells called mwali and necklaces of red spondylus shells known as soulava or sometimes as bigi Also according to the Part4 of the Tales from the Jungle Malinowski Kula is an ancient tradition of the New Guinea Voyaging for the Kula was a dangerous event The armshells were so valuable that they risked everything to voyage It is connected to the question 5 s answer 5 According to the film Part4 Malinowski discovers it late one night sailing between the islands Every few moths they build a decorated canoe as the part of the tradition known as the Kula For Kula they voyage leaving their friends and families behind for months at a time and the Kula voyages from neighboring islands would be awaited with a great anticipation small canoes possibly 100s of them People enter the sea As the canoes arrive people recognize the individuals on the canoes The visitors were treated with a great feast attracting hundreds of the locals to this celebration People of New Guinea risk everything for the tradition of the Kula And for the rewards they were able to exchange the armshell In the book Cultural Anthropology A Concise Introduction states that each trader gives a partner a white armshell with the expectation of receiving a red necklace within a defined period the trader giving the necklace likewise expects to receive an armshell The white armshells move counterclockwise in the islands and the red necklaces move clockwise Malinowski wanted to know what was so worthy about Kula because to him it seemed like a time consuming worthless tradition So he examined Kula from every angle he questioned the locals and watch the ritual trying to make sense Gradually the secret was revealed First they were the people who took a part Kula and the social network were connected In order to establish the relationship with people you have to be sufficient with something Kula was a huge chain of the relationship it spread to the larger islands 12 islands all together The armshells were very valuable because each one of them has its own unique history as it was passed from a person to another from island to another island And Kula ring represented the power and the statues 6 In 1918 Malinowski went back to Europe and published his work Argonauts Of The Western Pacific in the year of 1922 He detailed description revealed clear perspective of the islanders Dominated by the class empiricism and the cruel racial stereotype the islanders were no different from us they were sophisticated and rational human beings They were industrious manipulative and had a strict code of behavior just like us Also their native customs their societies were complex as our own European and nonwestern culture both used jewelry such as the crown jewel and the armshells to represent their statues and power The roots of the use of the jewelries were very similar to each other For example The curator explained how these crown jewel was worn by this or that king in such and such an occasion And it was very similar to the armshells because each individual armshell as it was explained carries its own unique history The value of the jewel was revealed in the same manners Acquiring the Kula shells were similar to our trophies or the sport s cup it represented the heroic sculpting victory just like us I think they both represent the similar root of our and their culture because trophies are used as the rewards of an action and the armshell was used as the reward of voyage on the Kula Also the tattoos represented as the metal for heroes A heart of all of us the motive which includes the passion huger fear vanity and sex All human culture has its purpose Every custom could be interpreted serving its function in society Shamanism and magic was similar to our ground religions The ritual evolved to satisfy our basic needs 7 Sophie s birthday party illustrated the roots of the similarities It is all about having fun and gift giving In fact there is a deeper function in Sophie s birthday party We have similar social function In the party very clear decisions have been made who is invited on what basis This is the sense of the social


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