SBCC ANTH 103 - The Cultured Ape (3 pages)

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The Cultured Ape



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The Cultured Ape

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Pages:
3
School:
Santa Barbara City College
Course:
Anth 103 - Intro To Cultural Anthropology
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1 Define culture both high and standard and what evidence indicates that chimps have culture Culture consists of the beliefs behaviors objects and other characteristics common to the members of a particular group or society Through culture people and groups define themselves conform to society s shared values and contribute to society Thus culture includes many societal aspects language customs values norms mores rules tools technologies products organizations and institutions High culture generally pursued by the upper class refers to classical music theater fine arts and other sophisticated pursuits These cultural factors are passed along by communication and imitation from one generation to the next For these reasons chimpanzees copy their parents behaviors with looking at their parents closely over and over Such practices include various forms of tool use including hammer and pestles courtship rituals such as leaf clipping where leaves are clipped noisily with the teeth social behaviors such as overhead hand clasping during mutual grooming and methods for eradicating parasites by either stabbing or squashing them Furthermore other chimps troop also do but in slightly different ways These features indicate chimps have culture 2 In what ways do tool making and use manifest culture including the differences between two or more populations of chimps Chimp troops are often distinct from one another possessing collections of up to 20 traditions or customary behaviors that altogether seem to form unique cultures Considering their way to make tools and use tools chimps groups for example use hammer for crushing nut but in different materials that one group uses a hard wood and other group uses a hard stone In the ways to eat ants one group uses short stick to gather ants in the small hall with using one hand but other group uses a long stick with using two hands Each group of young chimps copies their adult chimps and its ways are passed on over generations 3 Do chimps have a sense of the aesthetic Cite evidence presented here and evaluate this evidence I think chimps have a sense of the aesthetic after seeing a one chimp draws painting appreciating water streaming and falling First one chimp s painting looks abstract and no meaning but he appears to try to draw something Second one chimp s watching and touching water streaming with fascinated eyes Third another one chimp s beholding water fall with hanging on some tree These three evidences indicate they have a sense of the aesthetic These evidences are not great to prove their sense of the aesthetic and these are child s level However these are somehow critical evidences that chimps have a sense of the aesthetic 4 Do chimps have a sense of morality including Machiavellian intelligence and a capacity for politics Be sure to define Machiavellian intelligence Machiavellian intelligence the capacity of an entity to be in a successful political engagement with social groups Chimps have a sense of morality Chimpanzees live in large multiple male and multiplefemale social groups called communities Within a community a definite social hierarchy is dictated by the position of an individual and the influence the individual has on others Chimpanzees live in a leaner hierarchy in which more than one individual may be dominant enough to dominate other members of lower rank A dominant is the highest ranking male which controls the group and maintains order during any disputes Female chimpanzees also have a hierarchy which is influenced by the position of a female individual within a group In some chimpanzee communities the young females may inherit high status from a highranking mother The females will also form allies to dominate lower ranking females In contrast to males which have a main purpose of acquiring dominant status for access to mating privileges and sometimes violent domination of subordinates females acquire dominant status for access to resources such as food High ranking females will often get first access to resources In general both genders acquire dominant status to improve social standing within a group It is often the females who choose the alpha male For a male chimpanzee to win the alpha status he must gain acceptance from the females in the community Females have to make sure their group is going to places that supply them with enough food In some cases a group of dominant females will oust an alpha male which is not to their preference and rather back up the other male who they see potential of leading the group as a successful alpha male 5 To what extent do nonhuman primates show a sense of altruism Give examples Chimpanzees can be altruistic just like humans According to the video orphaned chimps were adopted by other chimps in the wild The kind hearted chimp parents were discovered in the video The adoptive caregivers both male and female devote large amounts of time and effort to protect their young chimps without any obvious gain to themselves Another example of chimps altruism in the video is that one chimp in a zoo took care of an unconscious child in the cage 6 What evidence does the video present for the chimps sense of the supernatural The evidences in the video that chimps sense of the supernatural are that watching stream 7 Taken together have the contributors made the case that the boundaries between apes and human culture are less than rigid The grade will be based not on your conclusion but how well you argue for and support whatever conclusion at which you arrive value 10 points For example in the video a mother chimp does not have a good stone hammer but his son has it though Therefore the mother chimp assumes to be generous with grooming his son s back tenderly After stopping the mother s grooming the son turns back and grooms his mother During her son s grooming the mother chimp takes the son s good stone hammer with her face smiling This is a evidence for his mother doing decent Furthermore chimps have a morality


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