SBCC ANTH 103 - The Cultured Ape (3 pages)

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The Cultured Ape



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The Cultured Ape

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Pages:
3
School:
Santa Barbara City College
Course:
Anth 103 - Intro To Cultural Anthropology
Intro To Cultural Anthropology Documents

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1 Define culture both high and standard and what evidence indicates that chimps have culture Culture consists of the beliefs behaviors objects and other characteristics common to the members of a particular group or society Through culture people and groups define themselves conform to society s shared values and contribute to society Thus culture includes many societal aspects language customs values norms mores rules tools technologies products organizations and institutions High culture generally pursued by the upper class refers to classical music theater fine arts and other sophisticated pursuits These cultural factors are passed along by communication and imitation from one generation to the next For these reasons chimpanzees copy their parents behaviors with looking at their parents closely over and over Such practices include various forms of tool use including hammer and pestles courtship rituals such as leaf clipping where leaves are clipped noisily with the teeth social behaviors such as overhead hand clasping during mutual grooming and methods for eradicating parasites by either stabbing or squashing them Furthermore other chimps troop also do but in slightly different ways These features indicate chimps have culture 2 In what ways do tool making and use manifest culture including the differences between two or more populations of chimps Chimp troops are often distinct from one another possessing collections of up to 20 traditions or customary behaviors that altogether seem to form unique cultures Considering their way to make tools and use tools chimps groups for example use hammer for crushing nut but in different materials that one group uses a hard wood and other group uses a hard stone In the ways to eat ants one group uses short stick to gather ants in the small hall with using one hand but other group uses a long stick with using two hands Each group of young chimps copies their adult chimps and its ways are passed on over generations 3 Do chimps have a sense of the aesthetic Cite evidence presented here and evaluate this evidence I think chimps have a sense of the aesthetic after seeing a one chimp draws painting appreciating water streaming and falling First one chimp s painting looks abstract and no meaning but he appears to try to draw something Second one chimp s watching and touching water streaming with fascinated eyes Third another one chimp s beholding water fall with hanging on some tree These three evidences indicate they have a sense of the aesthetic These evidences are not great to prove their sense of the aesthetic and these are child s level However these are somehow critical evidences that chimps have a sense of the aesthetic 4 Do chimps have a sense of morality including Machiavellian intelligence and a capacity for politics Be sure to define Machiavellian intelligence Machiavellian intelligence the capacity of an entity to be in a successful political engagement with social groups Chimps have a sense of



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