SBCC ANTH 103 - Tales of Jungle_Final (6 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2 of 6 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Tales of Jungle_Final



Previewing pages 1, 2 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Tales of Jungle_Final

29 views


Pages:
6
School:
Santa Barbara City College
Course:
Anth 103 - Intro To Cultural Anthropology
Unformatted text preview:

Participant Observation Malinowski and the Trobriand Islands From Tales from the Jungle Malinowski I Introduction As you know from reading Chapters 1 and 2 of Cultural Anthropology A Concise Introduction fieldwork is essential to understanding how cultures work In the nineteenth century many scholars relied on travelers accounts and spun theories based on them a practice derisively called armchair anthropology Bronislaw Malinowski was one of the first anthropologists to demonstrate the importance of first person observation observing how peoples of other cultures actually do things rather than relying not only on what explorers say but also what the native people say about themselves Any generalization about non Western peoples has to be based on solid observation In this assignment you are asked to view four of the five available You Tube presentations Part 3 doesn t work about the work of one of the most prominent anthropologists of the 20th century Bronislaw Malinowski a Polish migr living in England You are asked to view four key parts of the BBC video Tales from the Jungle Malinowski Parts 1 2 4 and 5 and then answer the questions that follow the list below of the five functional parts of the series For extra credit you may answer questions based on the one remaining part Part 6 Because this course is short and the schedule tight I recommend that you do this assignment in groups of up to four You may fly solo if you like but remember the old clich that many hands make light work If you do this please put all your names on your work and submit copies of the same work in your individual answer box in Assignments so that I can give due credit Value 100 points plus 25 points extra credit For this assignments because of Moodle propensity to trash them the links have been deleted Instead for the first part type in the search box Tales From the Jungle MalinowskiPart 1 of 6 Use the same format for parts 2 4 5 and 6 Chances are the other videos will appear in the same vicinity as the first part so you can just click on them As I said Part 3 doesn t work on You Tube The titles below are for identification only II List of You Tube Presentations Title of Video Series Tales from the Jungle Malinowski six parts one missing The Videos You Tube Required Viewing Part 1 Backgrounder of Malinowski and Armchair Anthropology Part 2 Debunking Armchair Anthropology Australian Families Part 4 Discovering the Kula Ring Part 5 Malinowski s Career Cultural Similarities The Video Optional Viewing Part 6 The Horse Racing Culture Malinowski s Hang Ups Reading Assignment through Google Optional Reading Fox Kate The Racing Tribe Search on Google or other Internet device III Assignment Questions A Due Date Dates vary by class See syllabus B Main Questions Total value 100 points 1 What is armchair anthropology Discuss its limitations as presented in Part 1 of Tales from the Jungle Malinowski 10 points The armchair anthropology consisted of respectable gentlemen who lived in the cities and believed that the savages were best studied from a safe distance which was from their armchair They just sent the letters to travelers colonial officials and missionaries around the world frequently to obtain a whole series of explanation about the customs of the people whom they encountered As reading these letters they formulated theories on savage life by assumption at their armchairs without any real observation 2 What is ethnocentrism How was this reflected in the British armchair anthropologists perception of savage cultures 10 points Ethnocentrism is the belief in the superiority of one s own nation culture or group The British armchair anthropologists supposed that the savage cultures would represent something which was opposite of themselves For example if the armchair anthropologists were monogamists and were more rational the savages must be polygamists and should be in control of superstition They just defined the savages and their cultures as the uncivilized ones compared to their own that were not controlled by rational thought but emotional changes without experiencing and understanding those 3 In Part 2 how did Malinowski determine that the Australian Aborigines actually have a family What observations did he make from travelers accounts What had been the perception previously on the part of armchair anthropologists 15 points Malinowski was not impressed with the research that explained Australian Aborigines did not have any family structure but had promiscuity and multiple sexual partners Thus he began to see the censuses photographs and descriptions of interaction between them This study led him to have a dramatically different conclusion to the former research Australian Aborigines had a man with one or two sometimes three women in household on a long term basis and they had exclusive sexual life Also children were very close to him They lived cooked and had a meal together Australian Aborigines were living in very much like what we would call families although they did not define itself as a family The armchair anthropologists had looked Australian Aborigines as the people who were at the bottom of the evolution since they did not even have any family structure that was confirmed as the base of the social evolution 4 Describe the Kula ring For a description see pp 115 116 and p 118 of Cultural Anthropology A Concise Introduction Also view Part 4 15 points 0 points if the answer does not include the above reading assignment Kula ring is an exchange system conducted among islanders of the Trobrian Islands The exchange system is based on balanced reciprocity in which the islanders trade white armshells called mwali for nearly equal value of soulava also known as bagi necklaces of red spondylus and vice versa The value of each shell trinket is measured by the unique history that had accumulated while it traveled from one owner to another such as status and reputation of the previous owners The shell trinkets are special purpose money used only in Kula exchange system The participants of the Kula ring are almost exclusively tribal chiefs and men of ranks who can afford to take several months long canoe journey to other islands Through the Kula exchange system the Trobrian islanders are not only able to reinforce their social status by owning the venerable shell trinkets but also able to create relationships with other islanders outside of their native island i conducting balanced reciprocity According to


View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Tales of Jungle_Final and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Tales of Jungle_Final and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?