UCSB ENVS 106 - Lecture 03 Merchants of Doubt Chapter 2_POST (18 pages)

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Lecture 03 Merchants of Doubt Chapter 2_POST



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Lecture 03 Merchants of Doubt Chapter 2_POST

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Pages:
18
School:
University of California, Santa Barbara
Course:
Envs 106 - Critical Thinking About Human-Environment Problems and Solutions

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This song makes light of the threat of nuclear war Many people don t like thinking about the threat or want to downplay it s significance Crawl Out Through the Fallout https www youtube com watch v 8XPzICHxXoQ Sheldon Allman 1960 Merchants of Doubt Chapter 2 Strategic Defense Phony Facts and the Creation of the George C Marshall Institute The Cold War 1947 1991 A state of geopolitical tension between the generally Western powers primarily the United States and Eastern Powers primarily the Soviet Union and its satellites No large scale conflict between the US Various backings of proxy wars among smaller countries e g Korea Vietnam Afghanistan Cuba Propaganda Campaigns Mutual Spying Arms Race the continual threat of Nuclear War The Americans is an Limiting Factor Mutually Assured Destruction MAD interesting TV series that 1970 s New Policy Approach d tente attempts to characterize Ease tensions promote trust limit reduce armsthe spy situation between the US and USSR Some hawks remain and do not like the idea of d tente the formation of Team B Strategic Defense Initiative Star Wars Install weapons in space that could destroy incoming ballistic missiles shielding the US from those forms of attack Some experts thought it was technically infeasible Some thought it would increase tension b w US and USSR During construction risk of nuclear war increases Shielded nation might strike Others thought it would undermine the anti nuclear weapons movements Carl Sagan y Leading popularizer of Science in the American Publiccommentoafrnucleaer s t c agan prospec chospa S n His TV Series Cosmos 1980 was deemed aClip o ding the le on Gau r rega s availab i watershed moment for science themed television war programming Promoted Environmental Awareness Challenged SDI Ineffective May provoke USSR Incite war Encourage further growth in the arms race if 10 of warheads get through you want more warheads Testing would require shooting missiles at ourselves Helped to launch a campaign to get scientists to boycott SDI funding Robert Jastrow Also a successful popularizer of Science An advocate for space missions and research Sagan s move to boycott infuriates Jastrow Argued that USSR was in a position of strategic superiority and was developing its own missile defense system USSR could bring all of Western Europe under Soviet hegemony A bit exaggerated No beam testing facilities Evidence that USSR tested non acoustic submarine detection systems but no evidence that these systems were deployed Conclusion The tests must have been successful and the Soviets deployed them without us knowing In line with CIA intelligence at the time interviews with Soviet leadership in 1995 confirmed that the USSR was to avoid nuclear weapons at all costs SDI Budget Passes Jastrow Team B and others prevail 60 billion budget approved by congress for SDI and successor program 175 billion today Why did the dinosaurs go extinct but mammals survive A Mammals eventually evolved bigger brains and social



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