GSU CRJU 3700 - Criminal Courts Study Guide Exam 1 (37 pages)

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Criminal Courts Study Guide Exam 1



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Criminal Courts Study Guide Exam 1

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Pages:
37
School:
Georgia State University
Course:
Crju 3700 - American Criminal Courts

Unformatted text preview:

Chapter 1 Crime Courts and Controversy Definitions Crime control model A perspective on the criminal justice process based on the proposition that the most important function of criminal justice is the repression of crime focusing on efficiency as a principle measure Criminal justice system Agencies and institutions directly involved in the implementation of public policy concerning crime mainly the law enforcement agencies courts and corrections CSI effect The Phenomenon in which technology has heightened juror expectations and demands for scientific evident Anecdotal evidence suggests that this effect causes jurors to wrongfully acquit guilty defendants when no scientific evidence is presented a claim not supported by empirical research Due process model A philosophy of criminal justice based on the assumption that an individual is innocent until proven guilty and has a right to protection from arbitrary power of the state Felonies The more serious of the two basic types of criminal behavior usually bearing a possible penalty off one year or more in prison Misdemeanors Lesser than the two basic types of crime usually punishable by no more than one year in jail Violations Minor criminal offenses that are punishable by fine probation or a short jail term typically less than 30 days Chapter 1 Crime Courts and Controversy Textbook The Criminal Justice System is interdependent and fragmented STATE 1 Trial courts of limited jurisdiction 2 Trial courts of general jurisdiction 3 Intermediate court of appeals 4 Appellate court of last resort 5 The Federal Supreme court of U S FEDERAL 1 Magistrate court 2 District court 3 Circuit court of appeals 4 The Supreme court of the U S Justice professional s Police Federal State Sheriff Local Special Private Arrest Members of the public Lawyers Prosecutors Court support Clerks Correctional Probation Public defender Court reporter Jail Private defense Pretrial Prison services Judges Bailiffs Rehabilitatio n Law clerk administrator s Victims Initial appearance Bail Grand jury Preliminary hearing Arraignment Discovery pretrial motions and plea negotiation Trial Sentencing Appeals Crime Any violation of criminal law Arrest The physical taking into custody of a suspect Regular Bail Irregular Defendant s Victims Witnesses Reporter Social services Expert witness Jurors Advocates Initial appearance The accused is told the charges bail is set and the date for the preliminary hearing is set Bail Money or property is pledged as a form of a guarantee that a defendant will appear at trial Charging decision Formal criminal charges against the defendant Stating what laws were violated Preliminary hearing or grand jury Judicial proceedings to determine probable cause exist and to make the accused stand on trial for felony charges Arraignment The defendant is informed of pending charges and can enter a plea Discovery formal and informal exchange of information before trial Pretrial motions The defense may seek to have evidence



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